PROGRESS IN GEOGRAPHY ›› 2015, Vol. 34 ›› Issue (9): 1167-1178.doi: 10.18306/dlkxjz.2015.09.009

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Spatial differentiation and mechanism of residents' cognition towards cultural compensation in ethnic tourism village: the Xijiang Qianhu Miao Village case

Junhui YANG1,2(), Tongsheng LI1(), Dongping XU1   

  1. 1. College of Urban and Environment, Northwest University, Xi'an 710127, China
    2. College of Environment and Resources, Guangxi Normal University, Guilin 541004, Guangxi, China
  • Online:2015-09-25 Published:2015-09-25

Abstract:

Ethnic cultural compensation is an institutional arrangement that takes the protection, inheritance, and innovation of ethnic culture as the purpose, which adjusts the interest relationship between stakeholders of ethnic culture in ethnic tourism villages by means of government regulation and the market. Residents' cognition towards ethnic cultural compensation is an important basis for the construction and key for the implementation of ethnic cultural compensation. Taking Xijiang Qianhu Miao Village as a case, this study divides the residents into insiders and outsiders, and investigates their cognition towards ethnic cultural compensation through a questionnaire survey and in-depth interviews. This research focuses on the spatial characteristics and influence mechanism of the residents' cognition towards ethnic cultural compensation. The results are as follows: Spatial differentiation of residents' cognition towards ethnic cultural compensation does exist in the ethnic tourism village. The spatial characteristics of residents' cognition towards ethnic cultural compensation are not fully consistent with the core-periphery relationship. The spatial characteristic of insiders' cognition towards the cultural value is consistent with the core-periphery relationship, but the spatial difference of willingness to accept for the compensation is not statistically significant. The spatial characteristic of insiders' cognition towards compensation standard shows an inverted "U" shape. The spatial difference of residents' cognition towards ethnic cultural compensation is influenced by the "cultural distance", interest relationship, tourism interference intensity, and traditional values. "Cultural distance" is the essential reason of residents' cultural value cognition. Residents' willingness to accept for the compensation is affected by interest relationship and tourism disturbance. Compensation recipients and forms are influenced by traditional values. In order to prompt the inheritance of ethnic culture and the sustainable development of tourism, the ethnic tourism village should actively implement cultural compensation, clearly distinguish the providers and recipients of the compensation, decide the compensation standards based on residents' willingness to accept and village development, and apply different compensation standards to the residents.

Key words: ethnic tourism village, ethnic cultural compensation, residents' cognition, spatial differentiation, insider & outsider, Xijiang Qianhu Miao Village, Guizhou