PROGRESS IN GEOGRAPHY ›› 2015, Vol. 34 ›› Issue (8): 966-975.doi: 10.18306/dlkxjz.2015.08.004

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Analysis of influencing mechanism of residents' livability satisfaction in Beijing using geographical detector

ZHAN Dongsheng1,2,3(), ZHANG Wenzhong1,2, YU Jianhui1,2,*(), MENG Bin4,5, DANG Yunxiao1,2,3   

  1. 1. Key Laboratory of Regional Sustainable Development Modeling, CAS, Beijing 100101, China
    2. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China
    3. University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
    4. College of Applied Arts and Science, Beijing Union University, Beijing 100191, China
    5. Institute of Beijing Study, Beijing Union University, Beijing 100101, China
  • Online:2015-08-25 Published:2015-08-25
  • Contact: YU Jianhui;


Urban livability is an essential science issue, which is closely related to residents' life qualities. Consequently, studies on the influencing mechanism of residents' livability satisfaction in an urban transitional period are of great practical significance in Beijing, which facilitate the understanding of residents' residential environment demand and promote construction of a livable city. Based on a large-scale questionnaire survey of livable city of Beijing in 2013, factor analysis was applied to extract perception factors of residents' livability satisfaction. Then we used the geographical detector method to reveal the influence mechanism of livability satisfaction from the perspective of livable satisfaction's perception factors and individual and family characteristics. The results show that: (1) Residents' livability satisfaction in Beijing is mainly consisted of seven dimensions, including pollution and noise factor, residential facilities factor, social environment factor, convenient transportation factor, natural environment factor, safety factor and leisure activity factor. (2) Livability satisfaction is jointly affected by perception factors of livability satisfaction and individual and family characteristics, but the former has stronger impact than the latter. Pollution and noise, natural environment, and convenient transportation are key factors among the livability perception factors. (3) With disparities between individuals and families, livability satisfaction is relatively consistent with its perception factors. This means that lower livability satisfaction usually occurs along with lower scores of livability perception. Moreover, residents of outer suburbs, rental housing, having migration experience, male, 30~39 years old of age, with high school degree, family income below 5000, and nonlocal population registration have much lower livable satisfaction.

Key words: livability satisfaction, influencing mechanism, geographical detector, Beijing