PROGRESS IN GEOGRAPHY ›› 2014, Vol. 33 ›› Issue (6): 773-785.doi: 10.11820/dlkxjz.2014.06.006

• PrizeWinning Papers from the 8th Graduate Students' Geographical Forum of Beijing • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Spatial temporal characteristics of development efficiencies for urban tourism:a case study of three urban agglomerations in the Bohai Rim

LI Rui1, GUO Qian1, HE Ji2, WU Dianting1, YIN Hongmei3, YE Qian1   

  1. 1. School of Geography, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875, China;
    2. Dongwu Business School, Soochow University, Suzhou 215000, Jiangsu, China;
    3. School of Geography and Environment Science, Guizhou Normal University, Guiyang 550001, China
  • Received:2014-01-01 Revised:2014-04-01 Online:2014-06-25 Published:2014-06-25

Abstract: Taking prefecture-level cities, provincial cities and provincial capitals of three urban agglomerations in the Bohai Rim as analytical units, this paper measures and analyzes urban tourism development efficiency and spatial characteristics and development stages of these urban agglomerations by adopting the traditional DEA and Malmquist models. Major conclusions include: (1) The average comprehensive resource utilization efficiencies of urban tourism of municipalities, provincial capitals and main prefecture-level cities of the Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei and Shandong Peninsula urban agglomerations have transformed from ineffective to moderately effective, and those of Eastern Liaoning Peninsula urban agglomerations have been always ineffective. The comprehensive resource utilization efficiencies of prefecture-level cities, provincial cities and provincial capitals of the three urban agglomerations have transformed from ineffective to moderately effective. (2) Since 2000, the comprehensive efficiencies of urban tourism of the Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei and Shandong Peninsula urban agglomerations have been affected by pure technical efficiency slightly more than scale efficiency, while it is the opposite for Eastern Liaoning Peninsula urban agglomerations. (3) The Total Factor Productivity (TFP) of most cities in the three urban agglomerations has substantially increased since 2000; the TFP increasing rates of the Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei and Shandong Peninsula urban agglomerations are both slightly higher than those of Eastern Liaoning Peninsula urban agglomerations; however, the overall rates of increase of TFP have declined. Meanwhile, the average TFP increasing rates of urban tourism of the Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei and Shandong Peninsula and Eastern Liaoning Peninsula urban agglomerations also have declined. (4) The development efficiencies of urban tourism of the Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei urban agglomerations have been affected by urban tourism investment, urban tourism technology and urban tourism markets; those of Shandong Peninsula urban agglomerations have been affected by urban tourism products and urban tourism technology; development efficiencies of urban tourism of Eastern Liaoning Peninsula urban agglomerations have been affected by urban tourism resources, urban tourism policies and urban tourism projects (products). The comprehensive efficiency of urban tourism of the three urban agglomerations has been in the technology innovation stage, the technology imitation stage and the scale dominance stage, respectively. These conclusions provide a theoretical basis for the scientific development of urban tourism of the three urban agglomerations in the Bohai Rim and other coastal urban agglomerations in China.

Key words: efficiency, the Bohai Rim, urban agglomerations, urban tourism

CLC Number: 

  • F590.3