PROGRESS IN GEOGRAPHY ›› 2013, Vol. 32 ›› Issue (3): 400-407.doi: 10.11820/dlkxjz.2013.03.009

Previous Articles     Next Articles

The research progress on greenhouse gas inventory methods

MA Cuimei1,2, XU Huaqing3, SU Mingshan3   

  1. 1. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China;
    2. University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China;
    3. National Center for Climate Change Strategy and International Cooperation, Beijing 100038, China
  • Received:2012-09-01 Revised:2012-12-01 Online:2013-03-25 Published:2013-03-25

Abstract: Greenhouse gas inventory provides emission and absorption data and plays a fundamental role in the establishment and evaluation of the policies and measures in response to climate change. Although United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change has implemented a national Greenhouse Gas inventory method based on producer responsibility, many studies suggest that the method has the problem of“carbon leakage”, namely, letting the developed countries evade the responsibility of reducing carbon emissions, in addition to other issues, and put forward other inventory methods. This paper classifies the current greenhouse gas inventory estimate methods into three categories, including producer responsibility method, consumer responsibility method and shared responsibility method, and furthermore summarizes multiple methods in the three categories. The principle, advantages and limits of the methods are analyzed by graphs, charts and data. Based on the current analysis, producer responsibility method will still be the recommended national greenhouse gas inventory method in the near future. Lastly, we propose to strengthen the studies of consumer responsibility method and shared responsibility method in China, establish and improve statistical data, and try to develop provincial level greenhouse gas inventory by consumer responsibility method as a supplement.

Key words: carbon accounting, consumer responsibility method, greenhouse gas inventory, producer responsibility method, shared responsibility method