PROGRESS IN GEOGRAPHY ›› 2011, Vol. 30 ›› Issue (9): 1159-1166.doi: 10.11820/dlkxjz.2011.09.011

• Original Articles • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Review of the Optimization Methods for Groundwater Monitoring Network

GUO Yansha1,2, WANG Jingfeng1, YIN Xiulan3   

  1. 1. State Key Laboratory of Resources and Environmental Information System, Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China;
    2. Graduate University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China;
    3. China Institute for Geo-Environmental Monitoring, Beijing 100081,China
  • Received:2011-03-01 Revised:2011-06-01 Online:2011-09-25 Published:2011-09-25

Abstract: The general goal of groundwater monitoring network optimization is to obtain more groundwater dynamic information with a certain precision using the least investment. A highly efficient monitoring network not only provides real-time dynamic information and reliable sources for scientific research in groundwater environment, but also helps policy-makers in making efficient decisions, and therefore a reasonable layout of groundwater monitoring network is of great importance. The optimization of groundwater monitoring network mainly includes network density, monitoring location, monitoring indicators and monitoring frequency. At present, a number of qualitative and quantitative methods have been used and many achievements have been made. These research work basically aimed at single objective optimization, and ignored the issues such as space-time analysis based on multi-objective and combined methods. The purpose for this paper is to analyze and compare the methods for optimizing the groundwater monitoring network, and then to propose a multi-objective optimization system in conbination of several methods.

Key words: groundwater, groundwater level, groundwater quality, monitoring frequency, optimization methods