PROGRESS IN GEOGRAPHY ›› 2022, Vol. 41 ›› Issue (8): 1440-1452.doi: 10.18306/dlkxjz.2022.08.008

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Location choice and influencing factors of out-of-school hours care places: A case study of Yanta District of Xi'an City

YU Yue1(), LI Gang1,2,*(), JIN Annan1, HUANG Yushan1, XU Lanqing3, YANG Zhuo1   

  1. 1. College of Urban and Environmental Sciences, Northwest University, Xi'an 710127, China
    2. Shaanxi Key Laboratory of Earth Surface System and Environmental Carrying Capacity, Xi'an 710127, China
    3. Xi'an No.1 Middle School, Xi'an 710082, China
  • Received:2022-02-11 Revised:2022-05-25 Online:2022-08-28 Published:2022-10-25
  • Contact: LI Gang;
  • Supported by:
    Characteristic & Advantage Research Team Construction Project of Human-Environment Relations and Space Security of Northwest University in 2019;Tang Scholar Program of Northwest University in 2016;University and High School Co-cultivation Top Innovative Talents "Spring Bamboo Project" of Shaanxi Province in 2021;College Students Innovation and Entrepreneurship Training Program of Northwest University(2022405)


Out-of-school hours care place (OSHCP) is a new type of educational auxiliary facility, mainly provides meals and rest places for primary and secondary school students, has gradually become the third activity space for students outside their homes and schools, and worth further examination from a spatial perspective. Based on the data of OSHCPs and related points of interest (POIs) in Yanta District of Xi'an City, we used spatial analysis, statistical analysis, and field investigation methods to explore the basic functions and location choice and its influencing factors of OSHCPs. The results indicate that: 1) The service demands of OSHCPs are from families with childcare needs in the lower grades of compulsory education for childcare assistance and children's "transfer" and "deposit", and the service types include student care, catering, help with homework, and so on. 2) The distribution of OSHCPs generally showed a trend of extending along the east-west direction, which is consistent with the urban morphology and the development status of residential committees, mainly in the traditional neighborhoods, high-rise housing estates, and work unit housing areas, concentrated in the low floors (1-5 floors). 3) Regional population, educational environment, investment costs, and spatial location influence the layout and location of OSHCPs, with the number and distribution of primary and secondary schools, the number and distribution of residential neighborhoods, and the distance from the central city having significant impacts. Finally, we summarized the influencing factors of location choice from three scales including urban area, residential committee, and care place in combination with the needs of the population, and provide an outlook on future research directions in conjunction with the "double reduction" education policy.

Key words: out-of-school hours care places, educational auxiliary facility, location choice, Yanta District of Xi'an City