PROGRESS IN GEOGRAPHY ›› 2019, Vol. 38 ›› Issue (9): 1412-1423.doi: 10.18306/dlkxjz.2019.09.014

• Paths and Models of Rural Revitalization • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Transformation and development mode of traditional village human settlement environment from the perspective of "double repairs":A case study of two typical villages in Hunan Province

LI Bohua1,2,3,ZHENG Shinian2,DOU Yindi1,3,LIU Peilin1,2,3,ZENG Can1,3   

  1. 1. Research Establishment for Human Settlement Environment, Hengyang 421002, Hunan, China
    2. College of Urban and Environment Science, Liaoning Normal University, Dalian 116029, Liaoning, China
    3. College of City and Tourism, Hengyang Normal University, Hengyang 421002, Hunan, China
  • Received:2019-04-26 Revised:2019-05-29 Online:2019-09-28 Published:2019-09-25
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China(No.41571161);National Natural Science Foundation of China(No.41501191);Key Program of Education Department of Hunan Province(No.18A334);Key Program of Social Science Foundation of Hunan Province(No.17DB054);Social Science Foundation of Hunan Province(No.18YBA052);Social Science Foundation of Hunan Province(No.18JD07);Natural Science Foundation of Hunan Province(No.2018JJ3009);Review Committee Project of Hunan Social Science(No.XSP18YBZ041)


Traditional villages carry the genes and blood of the Chinese nation. Retaining this "nostalgia" in the process of rural transformation and development is very important. From the perspective of landscape gene repair and culture gene repair and taking Zhangguying and Huangdu villages as the research objects, this study explored the changing path and spatial characteristics of the transformation and development of human settlement environment under the self-organization and hetero-organization modes, and constructed a transformation and development model of human settlement environment. The research shows that: 1) Under the self-organization mode, the transformation mechanism of traditional village human settlement environment system is flexible and has high long-term stability. The human settlement environment system under the hetero-organization mode has strong integrity and short-term stability, but lacks certain effectiveness. 2) The leading factor of self-organizing development comes from the endogenous forces dominated by village residents, who have strong ability of innovation and adaptation. Most of the hetero-organizing developments are dominated by external forces, with weak endogenous force and low ability of innovation and adaptation. 3) Under the guidance of self-organization model, the development logic of traditional villages' human settlement environment transformation mostly takes cultural gene repair as the first step, and landscape gene repair as the second step. The development logic of hetero-organization mode is in contrary to self-organization, showing a ladder-like development path. 4) Self-organizing model is easy to produce and preserve cultural genes, and stable cultural genes are also beneficial to maintaining the stable development of self-organizing system. However, the impact of hetero-organization mode is mostly concentrated on the landscape of the villages. It is difficult to form an independent and effective operation mechanism and development concept within the villages, and the ability to repair cultural genes is weak. 5) Self-organization mode is easy to form effective development mechanism and stable cultural atmosphere. The concept of "double-repairs" is easier to implement in the transformation of traditional village human settlement environment. Because of the lack of endogenous motivation, it is difficult to form an independent and effective operation mechanism and development concept within the village with the hetero-organization mode. It is more difficult to implement the concept of "double-repairs". 6) Self-organization mode can continue steadily in the future development of traditional villages. Although hetero-organization mode can continue in a short time, eventually it will be replaced by the self-organization mode with the transformation of internal and external subjects.

Key words: traditional village, human settlement, landscape gene, culture gene, self-organization, hetero-organization, Hunan Province