PROGRESS IN GEOGRAPHY ›› 2018, Vol. 37 ›› Issue (5): 698-709.doi: 10.18306/dlkxjz.2018.05.013

• Restructuring Practice • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Agricultural structure adjustment and rural transformation development in China:Taking Gongyi City and Yanling County as examples

Erling LI1,2,3(), Yanan XU2,*(), Yajun YONG2, Lixia WEI2   

  1. 1. Henan Collaborative Innovation Center for the Yellow River Civilization Heritage and Modern Civilization Construction/Henan Three New-Types Coordinated Development Center, Kaifeng 475004, Henan, China
    2. School of Environment and Planning/Agricultural and Rural Sustainable Development Research Institute, Henan University, Kaifeng 475004, Henan, China
    3. Academician Laboratory for Urban and Rural Spatial Data Mining, Zhengzhou 450000, Henan, China
  • Received:2018-01-10 Revised:2018-04-09 Online:2018-05-28 Published:2018-05-28
  • Contact: Yanan XU;
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China, No. 41471105, No. 41430637;Key Project of the Humanities and Social Sciences Research Base in Ministry of Education, No. 15JJDZONGHE008;Natural Science Foundation of Henan Province, Program for Innovative Research Team (in Science and Technology) in University of Henan Province, No. 16IRTSTHN012;Natural Science Foundation of Henan, No.182300410144


Agricultural structure adjustment and upgrading is the main engine of Chinese rural transformation development, while large-scale and specialized production is the direction of such transformation in agriculture internationally. This study took an industrialized transformation county—Gongyi City and an agricultural modernization transformation county—Yanling County as examples, and used location quotient, structural change index, and specialization index, to analyze agricultural structure adjustment and reconstruction of rural landscape on the township level under the background of rural economic transformation. The conclusions are as follows: (1) The interaction between demand-based agricultural structure adjustment and rural transformation comes into being through the modernized change of cultivated land use, the quality improvement of agricultural products, and the multi-functional reconstruction of rural landscape. In the future, large-scale agriculture in grain production and specialized precision agriculture will co-exist in China; (2) Basically non-agricultural transformation and agricultural modernization transformation of rural economy both can bring the large-scale as well as specialized use of rural land and internal structure adjustment of agriculture. The industrialized transformation county takes grain crops as the main agricultural structure adjustment direction, and the county with agricultural modernization transformation adjusts towards grain crops and featured crops, forming specialized villages or agricultural clusters for production; (3) The adjustment of agricultural structure is aligned with natural conditions and resource endowments better than before, and spatial distribution is more optimized.

Key words: agricultural structure adjustment, specialization, rural transformation, Gongyi City, Yanling County, Henan Province