PROGRESS IN GEOGRAPHY ›› 2017, Vol. 36 ›› Issue (1): 99-111.doi: 10.18306/dlkxjz.2017.01.010

• Special Issue:Coordinated Development of Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Characteristics of residential space of development zone and formation mechanism: An investigation of Beijing Economic-Technological Development Area

Jian FENG1(), Yizhi XIANG1,2   

  1. 1. College of Urban and Environmental Sciences, Peking University, Beijing 100871, China
    2. Power China Huadong Engineering Corporation, Hangzhou 311122, China
  • Received:2016-11-01 Online:2017-01-20 Published:2017-01-20
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China, No.41671157, No.40971085


Using primary data from a questionnaire survey of Beijing Economic-Technological Development Area (BDA), this study examined the characteristics of residential space of development zone and its formation mechanism. The study found that both the income and education levels of residents of development zones are higher compared to the general population. Immigration has been the most important source of population increase. The types of housing in development zone are diversified, and government policies and size of housing are important factors that caused the development of residential differentiation. Differences in income and social stratus have resulted in spatial segregation of residents of higher and lower incomes. As new suburban communities, in development zones the awareness of rights of resident is strongly while the community connection is week among the residents of these communities. Distance of commuting is the most important factor that affects the residential location choice in development zones. Living environment and quality of education resources are also important factors. In order to analyze the characteristics of residential space of development zones, a theoretical framework of formation mechanism is put forward that considers multiple stakeholders including residents, real estate developer, local government, enterprises, parent city, and surrounding districts. At present, most economic-technological development areas are facing the transformation from areas of industrial function to urbanized functional area. These areas are industrial agglomerations or residential towns, even isolated cities, which creates a complex situation. As a result, the residential space and its formation mechanism are very complex. This is significant for understanding and developing the theories of urban residential space.

Key words: development zone, residential space, residential differentiation, suburbanization, Beijing Economic-Technological Development Area (BDA)