PROGRESS IN GEOGRAPHY ›› 2016, Vol. 35 ›› Issue (4): 505-514.doi: 10.18306/dlkxjz.2016.04.011

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Impact of Harbin-Dalian high-speed railway on the spatial distribution of tourism supply and demand markets in Northeast China cities: Based on the accessibility of the scenic spots

Jianke GUO(), Shaobo WANG, Hui WANG, Tianbao LIU   

  1. Research Center of Ocean Economy and Sustainable Development, Liaoning Normal University, Dalian 116029, Liaoning, China
  • Online:2016-04-27 Published:2016-04-27
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China, No.41571126, No.41301160;Development Plan of Outstanding Young Scholars in Universities of Liaoning Province, No WJQ2015020]


Using GIS technology, this article takes the 4A level and above attractions as the research objects to derive supply and demand market potential models by taking site accessibility as a starting point and based on the influencing factors of supply and demand. The study found that: (1) Harbin-Dalian high-speed rail improved Northeast China cities’ accessibility to tourism sites within the region by reducing average travel time by about 2.5 hours. The number of sites suitable for a one-day tour and a two-day tour increased, and a region tourism spatial structure formed along the high-speed railway, with center cities as the core, spreading from both sides of the high-speed railway and around the center cities, and characterized by one-day, two-day, and seven-day tours. (2) The potential of tourism supply and demand markets decreases when moving away from the high-speed railway lines, and the market concentrates along these lines, leading to the formation of a high-speed rail tourism economic zone and increasing the spatial concentration of tourism in the Northeast region. (3) High-speed rail stimulates short tours (day trips, two-day tours) more than seven-day tour. (4) According to accessibility and the core-periphery theory, we divided the tourism market in the Northeast region into four types: tourism market core area; tourism market peripheral area, tourism market transitional area, and tourism market margin area. It is necessary to rely on high-speed rail and other fast transportation mode and tourism hub cities to improve the transport network, and promote the optimization and coupling of the regional tourism supply and demand spatial networks.

Key words: tourism site accessibility, supply and demand potential model, high-speed rail tourism economic zone, spatial distribution, Northeast China