PROGRESS IN GEOGRAPHY ›› 2008, Vol. 27 ›› Issue (5): 95-102.doi: 10.11820/dlkxjz.2008.05.013

• Original Articles • Previous Articles     Next Articles

The Total Shift and Evolution of the Yangze River Delta Container Por t System

LIANG Shuangbo1,2 CAO Youhui1, CAO Weidong1,2, WU Wei1   

  1. 1. Nanjing Institute of Geography and Limnology, CAS, Nanjing 210008, China;
    2. Graduate School of Chinese Academy of Science, Beijing 100039, China
  • Received:2008-03-01 Revised:2008-06-01 Online:2008-09-25 Published:2008-09-25


It is interesting to examine the validity of the Hayuth model in the context of the Yangtze River Delta, especially when considering the differences between the coastal container port ranges and rivers container port ranges or different port categories. In this paper, a distinction between small ports (average container traffic for the period 1990- 2006 of less than 100000TEU), medium - sized ports (between 100000 and 400000TEU) and large container ports (at least 400000TEU). Then, share - shift analysis models are used to measure the total shift and the evolution of the Yangtze River Delta container port system from 1990 to 2006. By calculating the concerned statistics, the author holds that there are four obvious features: (1) From 1994 to 1998, Shanghai was one of the major winners in terms of the total shift, but in the other periods, it lost some TEU. (2)Ningbo port has been the major winner in terms of the total shift since 1990 and shows the best performances in the period of 1990- 1994 and 1998- 2006. (3)In the mass, the coastal container port range is superiorior, along rivers container port range is inferior. The net volume of containers shifted between the respective ranges reached an expectionally high level in the third period. In this period the coastal container port range won a potential growth of approximately 607046 TEU to ports situated in the other ranges. (4)In competition, large container port ranges have won much TEU since 1994;middle container port ranges lost throughout some TEU (from a positive total shift of 22109TEU in the first period to a negative shift in the last); small container port ranges have won much TEU since 1990. A systematic analysis has been carried out on the formation of the total shift change. Finally, this paper holds that there are three development stages for this container port system: initial container port development, hub or load center container port and large deep- sea direct container port.

Key words: container port system, evoluation model, shift analysis, Yangze River Delta