PROGRESS IN GEOGRAPHY ›› 2023, Vol. 42 ›› Issue (4): 644-656.doi: 10.18306/dlkxjz.2023.04.003

• Articles • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Spatial differentiation of rural functions from the perspective ofproduction-living-ecological functions at the township level:A case study of Shandong Province

XU Kai1(), FANG Yangang2,3,4,*(), ZHOU Yuhang1   

  1. 1. School of Geography and Tourism, Qufu Normal University, Rizhao 276826, Shandong, China
    2. School of Geographical Sciences, Northeast Normal University, Changchun 130024, China
    3. Key Laboratory of Geographical Processes and Ecological Security in Changbai Mountains, Ministry of Education, Northeast Normal University, Changchun 130024, China
    4. Institute for Northeast China Research, Northeast Normal University, Changchun 130024, China
  • Received:2022-08-16 Revised:2022-12-12 Online:2023-04-28 Published:2023-04-27
  • Contact: FANG Yangang;
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China(42071223)


Rural revitalization needs to consider the regional differences in rural development, scientifically grasp the spatial characteristics of rural functions, reveal the spatial heterogeneity of the interaction between rural functions, and explore the unique value and multiple functions of rural areas in great depth. Based on the analysis of the connotation of rural multi-functionality from the perspective of production-living-ecological functions, this study used multi-source data such as points of interest and land use to construct the evaluation indicator system of rural multi-functionality, employed a functional index measurement model, global spatial autocorrelation, Spearman correlation analysis, and geographical weighted regression (GWR) to analyze the spatial pattern of rural production-living-ecological functions and the spatial heterogeneity of their interaction in 1636 towns of Shandong Province, and then classified the spatial differentiation types of rural functions and put forward the corresponding development strategies. The results show that: 1) The spatial pattern of rural production-living-ecological functions has obvious agglomeration distribution and spatial differentiation characteristics. The production function relies on the driving effect of the urban core area, showing a ring structure around the urban core area. The areas of predominately living function are mainly distributed on inland plains. The predominately ecological function areas are mainly distributed in mountainous hills of central and southern Shandong, hilly areas of eastern Shandong, and northern coastal areas of Shandong Province. 2) There are both similarities and differences between the overall and local relationships of production-living-ecological functional interactions, and the local relationships have obvious spatial heterogeneity. From the perspective of overall relationship, production function and living function are significantly positively correlated, production function and ecological function are not significantly correlated, and living function and ecological function are not significantly correlated. 3) According to the theories of rural functional space differentiation, the township-level rural space in Shandong Province was divided into eight functional types, the quantitative differentiation of interactions between different types of functions was revealed, and preliminary recommendations for the future development of different types of rural areas were put forward. The research results provide some reference for building a Qilu Model for rural revitalization, and provide a technical support for the formulation of differentiated collaborative development paths of rural functions.

Key words: production-living-ecological functions, point of interest, geographically weighted regression, spatial differentiation, Shandong Province