PROGRESS IN GEOGRAPHY ›› 2022, Vol. 41 ›› Issue (11): 2099-2107.doi: 10.18306/dlkxjz.2022.11.009

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The impact of residential environment on residents’ subjective well-being: An example from mixed residential communities in Shenzhen

LIU Xiaofei1(), WANG Zhenbo1,*(), SONG Jing2, CUI Xuegang2,3   

  1. 1. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China
    2. Qianhai Institute for Innovative Research, Shenzhen 518052, Guangdong, China
    3. Post-doctoral Research Station of Theoretical Economics, Shenzhen University, Shenzhen 518060, Guangdong, China
  • Received:2022-05-11 Revised:2022-07-26 Online:2022-11-28 Published:2023-01-28
  • Contact: WANG Zhenbo;
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China(42130713);Chinese Postdoctoral Science Foundation(2020M672777)


As the aspiration for a better life grows, people living in allotment housing, as a category of "sandwich class", deserve to have their living environment and subjective sense of well-being fully appreciated. Mixed residential communities in Shenzhen are used as an example to reveal the mechanism by which the environment of allotment housing settlements affects residents' subjective well-being. Questionnaire surveys and interviews were conducted for three typical settlements, and structural equation models were constructed by using sense of place and housing type as mediation and moderating variables respectively for the influence of settlement environment on residents' subjective well-being. The following findings were obtained. Overall, the residential environment has a significant direct impact on residents' subjective well-being. The social environment has a direct impact on subjective well-being. However, with regard to the built environment, residential zone environment, community environment and housing environment do not have a significant effect on subjective well-being. Analysis of mediation effect shows that social environment can indirectly affect subjective well-being by building residents' sense of place. Finally, with regard to housing type, the subjective well-being of talent housing tenants is more strongly influenced by the social environment than that of guaranteed housing tenants. The results of the study can provide scientific decision support for the improvement of the housing allocation system.

Key words: residential environment, subjective well-being, sense of place, housing type, mixed residential communities