PROGRESS IN GEOGRAPHY ›› 2022, Vol. 41 ›› Issue (11): 2030-2043.doi: 10.18306/dlkxjz.2022.11.004

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Spatial pattern of transport condition and its matching with county development in the Yellow River Basin

LI Tao1(), CUI Leibo1, LI Jiyuan1,*(), CHEN Huiling2, CAO Xiaoshu1   

  1. 1. Northwest Land and Resource Research Center, Shaanxi Normal University, Xi'an 710119, China
    2. School of Public Administration and Human Geography, Hunan University of Technology and Business, Changsha 410205, China
  • Received:2022-06-15 Revised:2022-09-18 Online:2022-11-28 Published:2023-01-28
  • Contact: LI Jiyuan;
  • Supported by:
    Key Project of National Natural Science Foundation of China(41831284);Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities, SNNU(GK202103124);Natural Science Basic Research Plan in Shaanxi Province of China(2020JQ-413)


The analysis of the characteristics of transport condition and its spatial matching with economic and social development in the Yellow River Basin is of great importance for optimizing the allocation of transport resources and improving the adaptability of transport supply. Using comprehensive transportation and socioeconomic data of the Yellow River Basin, this study analyzed the spatial pattern of transport condition at the county level and examined the spatial matching between transportation and county development quality in the basin. The results show that: The transport condition needs to be improved, and transport condition shows some mismatch with population and GDP, respectively. Counties with high level of development of transportation are concentrated along the Jinan-Zhengzhou-Xi'an-Lanzhou corridor. The spatial equity of transport supply is higher than that of economic and social development in the basin. At the zonal level, transport condition demonstrates a declining trend from the east-west Longhai-Lanxin zone to the big bent extending to the east and west, and then to the north-south zone. Fixed assets investment, industrial structure, urbanization, and economic foundation are the main factors that affect the transport condition at the county level in the basin. Furthermore, transport condition at the big bent extending to the east and west and the north-south zones are also restricted by natural factors such as elevation and slope. Of all the counties in the basin, 40.05% are in the basic matching state between transport supply and socioeconomic development. Meanwhile, 38.78% of all the counties belong to the transport disadvantage type, which are concentrated on the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau, the gully region of the Loess Plateau, and central and western Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region. Therefore, it is urgent to improve the support and guarantee capacity of transport facilities for the economic and social development of these counties.

Key words: transport condition, quality of county development, spatial matching, Yellow River Basin