PROGRESS IN GEOGRAPHY ›› 2022, Vol. 41 ›› Issue (10): 1846-1858.doi: 10.18306/dlkxjz.2022.10.006

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The floating population’s spatial capital in the places of origin and their housing choices in the destination cities

DONG Yajing1,2(), LIN Liyue1,3,*(), ZHU Yu3,4, KE Wenqian1,3, XIAO Baoyu1,3   

  1. 1. Key Laboratory for Humid Subtropical Eco-geographical Processes of the Ministry of Education, Fuzhou 350007, China
    2. School of Geography, Fujian Normal University, Fuzhou 350007, China
    3. Institute of Geography, Fujian Normal University, Fuzhou 350007, China
    4. Asian Demographic Research Institute, Shanghai University, Shanghai 200444, China
  • Received:2022-04-10 Revised:2022-08-10 Online:2022-10-28 Published:2022-12-28
  • Contact: LIN Liyue E-mail:yajingdong0406@163.com;lly30@163.com
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China(41971168);National Natural Science Foundation of China(41971180)

Abstract:

The floating population's housing choices in the destination cities is directly related to their citizenization level and the high quality development in the new phase of urbanization. While a large body of literature has been generated concerning floating population's housing choices and its determinants, little has been done regarding that the role of floating population's spatial capital of the original places. Therefore, based on the 2017 China Migrants Dynamic Survey conducted by the National Health and Family Planning Commission and China's city statistical yearbook 2017, this study analyzed the ways in which spatial capital in the original places of floating population shaped their housing choices in the destination cities. The results show that the housing choice of the floating population in the destination cities is mainly rent housing, supplemented by property right housing and free housing. Findings from our analysis indicated that the floating population's spatial capital in the places of origin had significant effect on their housing choice of in the destination cities. Specifically, there is not a simple linear correlation between the city size of the original places and housing choices in the destination cities; the location and the level of humanistic development in the places of origin have significant effects on housing property rights in the destination cities. However, being from town and county places of origin, floating population tends to obtain housing through the market. The robustness test is carried out by deleting a small number of samples from each prefecture level city, which shows that the above conclusions are robust and reliable. Our findings also indicated that the floating population's spatial capital in the places of origin exerted different impacts on different heterogeneity groups in terms of their generation, education level and income. More precisely, compared with the new generation, high education level and high-income floating population groups, the heterogeneity analysis results show that the influence of spatial capital in the places of origin on the housing choices of the floating population in the destination cities is significantly different between different generations, education level and income level. Based on a new way of conceptualizing and measuring spatial capital in the place of origin, we especially focused on the role of spatial capital in the places of origin of floating population, which expanded the perspective of research on housing choice differentiation of floating population. In the meantime, the results also have important policy implications for further optimizing the housing policy for floating population and promoting the citizenization of floating population.

Key words: the places of origin, spatial capital, housing choices, floating population, citizenization