PROGRESS IN GEOGRAPHY ›› 2022, Vol. 41 ›› Issue (10): 1833-1845.doi: 10.18306/dlkxjz.2022.10.005

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Effects of capital endowment and urban context on opportunity entrepreneurship of migrants in urban China

YIN Jiangbin1,2(), ZHANG Qianqian1, LIN Sainan3,4,*(), HUANG Xiaoyan1,2, QI Qi1   

  1. 1. Northwest Land and Resource Research Center, Shaanxi Normal University, Xi'an 710119, China
    2. Global Regional and Urban Research Institute, Shaanxi Normal University, Xi'an 710119, China
    3. School of Urban Design, Wuhan University, Wuhan 430072, China
    4. Hubei Habitat Environment Research Centre of Engineering and Technology, Wuhan 430072, China
  • Received:2022-01-18 Revised:2022-07-14 Online:2022-10-28 Published:2022-12-28
  • Contact: LIN Sainan E-mail:yinjb@snnu.edu.cn;sainan.lin@whu.edu.cn
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China(42071213);National Natural Science Foundation of China(42171205)

Abstract:

Under the background of "mass entrepreneurship and innovation", the underlying mechanism of migrant opportunity entrepreneurship is of great significance for promoting the new-type urbanization and high-quality development. By focusing on individual capital endowment and urban contextual factors, this study analyzed the mechanisms of opportunity entrepreneurship of migrants in urban China by using data from the 2017 China Migrants Dynamic Survey and dual-level logistic modeling, and comparing three different types of migration scopes—interprovincial, interprefecture/intercity, and intercounty. The results show that: 1) The overall level of opportunity entrepreneurship of migrants was low, whereas the entrepreneurial rate of interprovincial migrants was higher than interprefecture/intercity and intercounty migrants. 2) Different capital endowments had different effects on the opportunity entrepreneurship of the three types of migrants. A complementary relationship between social capital and financial capital was observed. With the expansion of the migration scope, the influence of social capital on migrant opportunity entrepreneurship was increasing, while the impact of financial capital was gradually weakening. 3) Urban context explains 10%-20% of the variation of the opportunity entrepreneurial decision of migrants. The larger the scope of migration, the more sensitive the migrants were to the change of external context. In particular, the segmentation of labor market significantly affected the entrepreneurial decision of the interprovincial migrants. In addition, the interaction between individual capital endowment and urban context had both negative and positive effects on opportunity entrepreneurship. This study revealed the influencing factors of opportunity entrepreneurship and its difference among migrants in different migration scopes, which provides a reference for improving urban entrepreneurship support system.

Key words: migrants, opportunity entrepreneurship, migration scopes, multilevel model, China