PROGRESS IN GEOGRAPHY ›› 2022, Vol. 41 ›› Issue (10): 1783-1794.doi: 10.18306/dlkxjz.2022.10.001

• Articles •     Next Articles

Identification of rural development types and revitalization paths in poor mountainous areas: Taking Luanchuan County, Henan Province as an example

LUO Qing1,2(), CHEN Siyi1, WANG Yifei1, LI Menglin1   

  1. 1. School of Resources and Environment, Henan University of Economics and Law / Collaborative Innovation Center of Urban-Rural Coordinated Development, Zhengzhou 450046, China
    2. Academician Laboratory for Urban and Rural Spatial Data Mining, Zhengzhou 450046, China
  • Received:2022-04-21 Revised:2022-05-30 Online:2022-10-28 Published:2022-12-28
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China(41771141);National Natural Science Foundation of China(41901153);National Natural Science Foundation of China(41901238);Henan Philosophy and Social Science Planning Project(2021BJJ002);Key Scientific Research Projects of Colleges and Universities in Henan Province(22A170003)


Accurate assessment and classification of rural development levels is an important issue in rural revitalization research, which can provide a scientific basis for the implementation of rural revitalization strategies by development type and stage. Taking Luanchuan County, Henan Province as an example, this study integrated multi-source data such as administrative village census and electronic maps to construct a multi-dimensional development potential measurement indicator system for the village scale, and carry out multi-dimensional evaluation and type identification of rural development potential. The results show that: 1) The overall situation of rural multi-dimensional development potential in Luanchuan County is poor, with only 45.89% of the villages having medium and above development potential, and the interaction between any two dimensions has a nonlinear enhancement effect on explaining the spatial differentiation of multi-dimensional development potential. 2) The spatial differentiation characteristics of rural multi-dimensional development levels are obvious. Villages with high development potential are concentrated near the county seat and where key township centers are located, while villages with low and medium-low development potential are mainly distributed in the border areas of the county and in the areas between the towns in the central part. 3) The development level of each dimension shows relatively significant spatial agglomeration characteristics, but the spatial agglomeration pattern is different for different dimensions. Villages with higher development level in geographical location and natural background are mainly concentrated in areas with good resource endowment and relatively flat terrain; and villages with higher development level in the four dimensions of geographical location, population development, economic foundation, and social welfare gather near the county seat, township centers, and tourist attractions. 4) According to the multi-dimensional development assessment results, the villages are divided into five types: priority revitalization, preliminary revitalization, maintaining the status quo, decline and relocation, and priority relocation. Based on the characteristics of different types of villages, revitalization paths and development strategies are proposed to improve the development quality of villages.

Key words: poverty-stricken mountainous areas, multi-dimensional development, village type, revitalization path, Luanchuan County