PROGRESS IN GEOGRAPHY ›› 2022, Vol. 41 ›› Issue (7): 1325-1337.doi: 10.18306/dlkxjz.2022.07.015

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Theoretical basis and empirical studies of agglomeration economy influencing urban economic growth: Literature review and prospect

CHEN Le()   

  1. Xi'an International Studies University, Xi'an 710127, China
  • Received:2021-10-11 Revised:2022-01-04 Online:2022-07-28 Published:2022-09-28
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China(42001132);Humanities and Social Sciences Project of the Ministry of Education(20YJC790009);Natural Science Basic Research Program of Shaanxi Province(2020JQ-838)


Agglomeration economy theory has been intrinsically linked to urban economic growth since its inception. This article systematically reviewed the origin and development of agglomeration economy theory, summarized the core ideas of agglomeration economy in explaining the formation and development of urban space, and suggested that agglomeration economy and urban economic growth are intrinsically related. In addition, this article reviewed the impact of agglomeration economy on urban economic growth, and found that the agglomeration economy represented by increasing population density can significantly promote urban economic growth, and the explanatory mechanism of urban agglomeration economy effect can be explored from two perspectives: macro-processes and micro-processes. This article is not only a review of the literature on agglomeration economy theory and urban economic growth, but also a reference for empirical analysis of the impact of agglomeration economy on urban economic growth in China.

Key words: agglomeration economy, economic growth, urban space, endogenous growth, learning effect