PROGRESS IN GEOGRAPHY ›› 2022, Vol. 41 ›› Issue (3): 371-384.doi: 10.18306/dlkxjz.2022.03.002

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Coupling and coordination of ports trade and cross-border transportation of China and Nepal

YE Li1(), GE Yuejing1,2,*(), HU Wei3, HUANG Yu4,5, LI Na1   

  1. 1. Faculty of Geographical Science, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875, China
    2. Academy of Plateau Science and Sustainability, Xining 810008, China
    3. College of Geography and Environmental Sciences, Zhejiang Normal University, Jinhua 321004, Zhejiang, China
    4. State Key Laboratory of Tibetan Plateau Earth System, Resources and Environment, Institute of Tibetan Plateau Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China
    5. Alpine Paleoecology and Human Adaptation Group (ALPHA), Institute of Tibetan Plateau Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China;
  • Received:2021-05-21 Revised:2021-09-18 Online:2022-03-28 Published:2022-05-28
  • Contact: GE Yuejing E-mail:yeli_bnu@mail.bnu.edu.cn;geyj@bnu.edu.cn
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China, No(41871128);National Natural Science Foundation of China, No(41701133);National Natural Science Foundation of China, No(142101231);National Social Science Foundation of China, No(16ZDA041);China Postdoctoral Science Foundation, No(2020M680693)

Abstract:

As a window of the Economic Cooperation Belt around the Himalayas, the development of trade and transportation at the Chinese-Nepalese ports is an important support for China's construction of the Grand Opening Channel to South Asia. This study explored the coupling and coordination composite system of ports trade and cross-border transportation of China and Nepal, evaluated the ports trade sustainable development level and the accessibility of cross-border transportation of China and Nepal using an evaluation index and cross-border transportation accessibility model, and analyzed the coupling and coordination relationship between ports trade sustainability and cross-border accessibility from 2010 to 2019 using the coupling and coordination model. The results show that: 1) The composite system of ports trade and cross-border transportation is an organic whole with an interactive coupling relationship. The simultaneous high-level development of ports trade and cross-border transportation is the key to the coupling and coordination of ports trade and cross-border transportation. 2) The overall sustainable development level of China-Nepal ports trade is relatively low, and trade flow is the key for ports trade sustainability. The cross-border transportation accessibility of the Chinese-Nepalese ports has been slowly improved, and the Zhangmu Port has obvious advantages in cross-border transportation. 3) The coupling and coordination of ports trade and cross-border transportation of China and Nepal are moderately out of balance, trade lags behind transportation development, and transportation has a limited role in promoting trade. In order to promote the coupling and coordinated development of ports trade and cross-border transportation, it is necessary to give full play to the cargo transportation function of the Chinese-Nepalese ports, vigorously develop Nepal's re-export trade, and open up the South Asian market. Accelerating the construction of a cross-border economic cooperation zone at Jilong Port, building new channels in the long term to give full play to the cargo transportation function of Zhangmu Port, and using helicopters to develop the "Holy Mountains and Lakes" tourism economy at Pulan (Xie erwa) Port will promote the sustainable development of ports trade.

Key words: Chinese-Nepalese ports, ports trade sustainability, cross-border transportation accessibility, coupling and coordination