PROGRESS IN GEOGRAPHY ›› 2022, Vol. 41 ›› Issue (1): 27-39.doi: 10.18306/dlkxjz.2022.01.003

• Special Column: Theories and Methods of Behavioral Geography • Previous Articles     Next Articles

The methodology of behavioral geography and its research paradigm of microscale human-environment relationships

ZHANG Wenjia(), LU Daming   

  1. School of Urban Planning and Design, Peking University, Shenzhen 518055, Guangdong, China
  • Received:2021-09-05 Revised:2021-11-03 Online:2022-01-28 Published:2022-03-28
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China(42171201);National Natural Science Foundation of China(41801158);Key Project of the Stability Support Program of Shenzhen Higher Education Institutions(GXWD20201231165807007-20200810223326001);Shenzhen Municipal Natural Science Foundation(JCYJ20190808173611341)

Abstract:

Since the behaviorist revolution in the 1960s, human geography has started to explore the micro geography research from an individual perspective, and gradually formed the behavioral geography research with a typical microscale human-environment relationship research paradigm. However, the current research is still insufficient in exploring the microscale human-environment relationship. This has led to the slow development of the microscale human-environment relationship theory and limited guidance in practice because the macro and micro research scales are separated. Therefore, this article summarized the behavioral geography methodologies, and research paradigms of human-environment relationship including regionalism, positivism, behaviorism, humanism, and structuralism from the perspectives of ontology and epistemology. By comparing the differences between the macro and microscale human-environment relationship research paradigms, we found that the behavioral geography research paradigm has formed a theoretical and methodological basis for exploring the microscale human-environment relationship. By establishing the connection with other research paradigms and based on the basic connotation and objectives of the microscale human-environment relationship research, we can reconstruct the basic viewpoints and methodology of microscale human-environment relationship research and build a cross-scale research paradigm from the micro level to the macro level, to inspire the development of behavioral geography and the microscale human-environment relationship research.

Key words: behavioral geography, microscale human-environment relationship, human geography, research paradigm, methodology