PROGRESS IN GEOGRAPHY ›› 2022, Vol. 41 ›› Issue (1): 27-39.doi: 10.18306/dlkxjz.2022.01.003

• Special Column: Theories and Methods of Behavioral Geography • Previous Articles     Next Articles

The methodology of behavioral geography and its research paradigm of microscale human-environment relationships

ZHANG Wenjia(), LU Daming   

  1. School of Urban Planning and Design, Peking University, Shenzhen 518055, Guangdong, China
  • Received:2021-09-05 Revised:2021-11-03 Online:2022-01-28 Published:2022-03-28
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China(42171201);National Natural Science Foundation of China(41801158);Key Project of the Stability Support Program of Shenzhen Higher Education Institutions(GXWD20201231165807007-20200810223326001);Shenzhen Municipal Natural Science Foundation(JCYJ20190808173611341)


Since the behaviorist revolution in the 1960s, human geography has started to explore the micro geography research from an individual perspective, and gradually formed the behavioral geography research with a typical microscale human-environment relationship research paradigm. However, the current research is still insufficient in exploring the microscale human-environment relationship. This has led to the slow development of the microscale human-environment relationship theory and limited guidance in practice because the macro and micro research scales are separated. Therefore, this article summarized the behavioral geography methodologies, and research paradigms of human-environment relationship including regionalism, positivism, behaviorism, humanism, and structuralism from the perspectives of ontology and epistemology. By comparing the differences between the macro and microscale human-environment relationship research paradigms, we found that the behavioral geography research paradigm has formed a theoretical and methodological basis for exploring the microscale human-environment relationship. By establishing the connection with other research paradigms and based on the basic connotation and objectives of the microscale human-environment relationship research, we can reconstruct the basic viewpoints and methodology of microscale human-environment relationship research and build a cross-scale research paradigm from the micro level to the macro level, to inspire the development of behavioral geography and the microscale human-environment relationship research.

Key words: behavioral geography, microscale human-environment relationship, human geography, research paradigm, methodology