PROGRESS IN GEOGRAPHY ›› 2021, Vol. 40 ›› Issue (11): 1925-1941.doi: 10.18306/dlkxjz.2021.11.011

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Research progress on the arrangement of territorial ecological restoration

WANG Chenxu1(), LIU Yanxu1,*(), YU Chaoyue2, LIU Xiaoqian3   

  1. 1. State Key Laboratory of Earth Surface Processes and Resource Ecology, Faculty of Geographical Science, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875, China
    2. College of Land Science and Technology, China Agricultural University, Beijing 100193, China
    3. College of Arts and Science of Beijing Union University, Beijing 100191, China
  • Received:2021-02-23 Revised:2021-04-24 Online:2021-11-28 Published:2021-11-25
  • Contact: LIU Yanxu;
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China(41991235);National Natural Science Foundation of China(41877523)


The implementation of ecological restoration of territorial space is an important way to construct ecological civilization in the new era. The arrangement of ecological protection and restoration is the precondition and basic link for scientifically carrying out ecological restoration, which affects the protection implementation, the effectiveness of engineering restoration, and the allocation of social resources. Based on the analyses of the relationship of the concepts related to ecological restoration, and from the perspectives of region identification and temporal sequence identification, this study used bibliographic analysis to examine the current research status of the ecological restoration arrangement internationally, and reviewed the application of the theoretical paradigm of landscape "pattern-process-service-sustainability" in the study of the arrangement of terrestrial ecological restoration. This article identified six important research trends, including the construction of ecological protection and restoration goals that support sustainable development, the balance of spatial and temporal needs for ecological restoration based on social satisfaction, opportunity cost-oriented ecological restoration cost evaluation, natural solutions based on ecological rigid constraints, decision-making threshold of ecological protection and artificial restoration under the concept of resilience, and location decisions for ecological protection and restoration projects based on spatial and temporal simulation, to construct a terrestrial ecological restoration arrangement research system coupled with social-ecological goals. It may provide a reference for the research and practice of ecological restoration of territorial space.

Key words: ecological protection and restoration, region identification, temporal sequence identification, landscape ecology, social-ecological system