PROGRESS IN GEOGRAPHY ›› 2021, Vol. 40 ›› Issue (8): 1298-1309.doi: 10.18306/dlkxjz.2021.08.004

• Articles • Previous Articles     Next Articles

A factor-based theoretical analysis of urban-rural relationship change

DU Guoming1,2(), LIU Mei2,1,*()   

  1. 1. College of Public Administration and Law, Northeast Agricultural University, Harbin 150030, China
    2. College of Economics and Management, Northeast Agricultural University, Harbin 150030, China
  • Received:2020-11-11 Revised:2021-05-06 Online:2021-08-28 Published:2021-10-28
  • Contact: LIU Mei;
  • Supported by:
    Postdoctoral Research Start-up Foundation of Heilongjiang Province(LBH-Q17018)


Urban-rural integration is an important support for the implementation of the new urbanization strategy and the rural revitalization strategy, while the reasonable flow and optimal allocation of urban-rural elements are the keys to the change of urban-rural relationship and urban-rural integration. Based on the theory of urban-rural regional system, this study examined the essence and connotation of urban-rural relationship from the perspective of elements, clarified the stages and general features of urban-rural relationship change, and then put forward its regulatory mechanism. The main conclusions are as follows: 1) Urban-rural relationship is the concentrated embodiment of urban-rural population relationship, land relationship, and economic relationship. The foundation of urban-rural relationship is the functional differences and complementarity between them and the representation is the flow of urban and rural elements. 2) The pattern of the development of urban-rural relationship is from differentiation to integration. Its evolution process can be generally divided into four stages: urban-rural differentiation, urban-rural opposition, urban-rural integrated development, and urban-rural integration. There are clear differences in the type, direction, ways, intensity, and degree of freedom of urban and rural element flow in different periods and regions. 3) Under the effect of economic mechanism and political mechanism, the flow of various elements constantly promotes the evolution of urban-rural relationship. The adjustment of urban-rural relationship should also continually improve and optimize the economic and political mechanisms.

Key words: urban-rural relationship, change, element flow, regulatory mechanism