PROGRESS IN GEOGRAPHY ›› 2021, Vol. 40 ›› Issue (6): 911-924.doi: 10.18306/dlkxjz.2021.06.002

• Articles • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Spatial pattern and underlying factors of new telecommunication equipment ventures in China

SONG Jinyan(), LI Xiande*(), XU Ning   

  1. School of Environmental and Geographical Sciences, Shanghai Normal University, Shanghai 200234, China
  • Received:2020-08-14 Revised:2021-01-09 Online:2021-06-28 Published:2021-08-28
  • Contact: LI Xiande;
  • Supported by:
    Shanghai Planning Project of Philosophy and Social Science(2019BCK009);National Natural Science Foundation of China(41730642);National Natural Science Foundation of China(41771540);Science and Technology Development Project of Shanghai Normal University


Telecommunication equipment manufacturing is a pillar industry of the Chinese economy. Its spatial distribution has been evolving in recent years due to the rapid development of the industry. This study analyzed the spatial pattern and underlying factors of new telecommunication equipment ventures with detailed firm-level data from the National Enterprise Credit Information Publicity System and China's Annual Survey of Industrial Firms, as well as analytical methods including kernel density analysis and negative binomial regression. The analysis points to the following key findings: 1) China's new telecommunication equipment manufacturing ventures tend to cluster in four leading city-regions—the Pearl River Delta, Yangtze River Delta, Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei Area, and Chengdu-Chongqing Area. 2) Within these four city-regions, firms in this industry have been diffusing from central cities to the peripheries. 3) A few clusters of leading firms have been observed in inland regions previously with limited bases for this industry, such as Nanchang, Honghe, Zhengzhou, and Guiyang cities. 4) Knowledge complexity and the existing industrial base of cities are positively associated with the entry of all new firms. The density of related industries is positively associated with the entry of domestic enterprises and large-scale enterprises. Unrelated variety correlates with the entry probability of foreign-invested enterprises and large-scale enterprises. Furthermore, our analysis suggests that globalization and government intervention are associated with the entry of foreign-invested and large-scale enterprises, respectively.

Key words: telecommunication equipment manufacturing industry, new ventures, spatial pattern, underlying factors, China