PROGRESS IN GEOGRAPHY ›› 2021, Vol. 40 ›› Issue (4): 660-670.doi: 10.18306/dlkxjz.2021.04.010

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Does the built environment impact residents’ healthy lifestyle? Empirical analysis based on 22 communities in Beijing

XU Jingxue1,2,3(), CHEN Li4,*(), ZHANG Wenzhong1,2   

  1. 1. Key Laboratory of Regional Sustainable Development Modeling, CAS, Beijing 100101, China
    2. Institute of Geographic Science and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China
    3. University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
    4. College of Applied Arts and Science, Beijing Union University, Beijing 100191, China
  • Received:2020-06-15 Revised:2020-12-01 Online:2021-04-28 Published:2021-06-28
  • Contact: CHEN Li;
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China(41871170);National Natural Science Foundation of China(42071215);Supporting Plan for Cultivating High Level Teachers in Colleges and Universities in Beijing(CIT&TCD201904075);Base Project of Beijing Social Science Foundation(18JDSRB001)


The construction of healthy communities is an important trend in the post-pandemic era. While many studies have investigated the effects of single lifestyle behaviors on health, the minimization of the individual risk of disease might only be achieved by a combination of these behaviors.This paper uses the 2019 Beijing City Physical Examination questionnaire survey data to construct an evaluation index system for the healthy lifestyle behaviors of community residents. Based on this, we use the hierarchical linear model (HLM) to investigate the impact of community built environment on residents' lifestyle. Results from the HLM show that the differences between neighborhoods can explain 6.93% of the differences in residents' healthy lifestyle. And within the 500 m buffer zone of the community boundary, the built environment with a low degree of urban function mix, a well-developed public transportation system, and a high proximity to parks is more conducive for residents to form a healthy lifestyle. And from the perspective of community type, the healthy degree of lifestyle of residents in policyhousing communities is significantly lower than that of other communities, which is manifested in the low level of social communication and mental health. This study provides new ideas for the construction of healthy communities from the perspective of promoting a healthy lifestyle for community residents.

Key words: healthy community, lifestyle, built environment, Beijing