PROGRESS IN GEOGRAPHY ›› 2020, Vol. 39 ›› Issue (12): 2094-2104.doi: 10.18306/dlkxjz.2020.12.011

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Change of farming households' employment and influencing factors on the Jianghan Plain

GUO Xinwei1,2(), YU Bin1,2,*(), ZHUO Rongrong1,2, ZENG Juxin1,2, YAN Meiyan1,3   

  1. 1. Key Laboratory for Geographical Process Analysis & Simulation of Hubei Province, Central China Normal University, Wuhan 430079, China
    2. Academy of Wuhan Metropolitan Area, Hubei Development and Reform Commission & Central China Normal University, Wuhan 430079, China
    3. College of Teacher Education, Dali University, Dali 671003, Yunnan, China
  • Received:2020-01-19 Revised:2020-04-06 Online:2020-12-28 Published:2021-02-28
  • Contact: YU Bin E-mail:1804417602@qq.com;yupeize@126.com
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China(41671179);Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities(2020CXZZ007)

Abstract:

The change of contemporary Chinese rural employment is an important perspective for understanding the change of rural human-land relationship. In this study, taking the rural households of Jingshan City on the Jianghan Plain as an example, we examined the characteristics of rural households' employment change in the research area through the change rate index and employment transfer matrix. This article described the changing characteristics of employment in three aspects: Employment type, employment space, and employment pattern. A multinomial Logistic regression model was used to analyze the influencing factors of rural households' employment pattern. The results show that: 1) From 2007 to 2017, the employment type of the surveyed rural households evolved from agricultural employment to part-time agricultural employment, with significant increase in non-agricultural employments. 2) Correspondingly, the distance attenuation characteristics of rural households' employment location choice weakened. The role of village as the starting point and returning sink of rural households' employment transfer is still prominent. 3) During the study period, pure agricultural employment in the rural area is still the main type of employment for the surveyed households, but the diversification of employments has become a new trend. 4) The choice of farmers' employment is the result of a combination of factors including farming households' employment demand, local employment opportunities, and environmental factors. Specifically, age of the head of the household, ratio of migrant workers, family dependency ratio, and family employment habits were taken as farming households' employment demand factors; the developing level of township and village development opportunities were taken as local employment opportunity factors; and distance from a village to town centers and regional employment satisfaction, and information and communication system development level were taken as environmental factors in the model. The results may shed some light on the change of human-land relationship and provide a theoretical support for the implementation of the rural revitalization strategy in typical agricultural regions of China.

Key words: rural employment change, transfer matrix, multinomial Logistic regression model, farming households, Jianghan Plain