PROGRESS IN GEOGRAPHY ›› 2020, Vol. 39 ›› Issue (12): 2083-2093.doi: 10.18306/dlkxjz.2020.12.010

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Work location choice of returnee migrant workers:Case study of 45 villages in Henan Province

GAO Genghe1,2,3(), WANG Yuchan1,*(), XU Zumu1, GUO Yaqi1, NIU Ning1,2   

  1. 1. School of Resources and Environment, Henan University of Economics and Law, Zhengzhou 450046, China
    2. Academician Laboratory for Urban and Rural Spatial Data Mining of Henan Province, Zhengzhou 450046, China
    3. Collaborative Innovation Center of Urban-Rural Coordinated Development of Henan Province, Zhengzhou 450046, China
  • Received:2020-03-30 Revised:2020-07-22 Online:2020-12-28 Published:2021-02-28
  • Contact: WANG Yuchan E-mail:gaogenghe@163.com;wych1221@163.com
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China(41771190);National Natural Science Foundation of China(41771141);National Natural Science Foundation of China(41901153)

Abstract:

Returning to the area of origin has become an important trend of migrant worker decision in China, and it will reshape the spatial pattern of rural population mobility in the future. Based on the data from field survey of 901 returnee migrant workers, descriptive statistics and multiple logistic regression methods were used to examine the work location choice of the returnee migrant workers and influencing factors. The results show that after the return of migrant workers, the choice of work location is mainly in county seats, followed by villages, and fewer returnees chose central urban areas and towns. Inter- and intra-provincial flows are the basic forms of return for migrant workers, but there are some differences between these two groups of returnees. The work locations of returnees are mainly in the local areas of their origin, but there are also a few who chose non-local locations. The significant factors influencing the choice of the work location for returnees mainly include age, residential location, village per capita income, village employment ratio, village topography, former work place types, and return source areas. After the return of migrant workers, although the problem of long-distance travel across regions has been solved, the issue of balancing between work and family care still exists at a smaller spatial scale. Distance plays an important role in the return location choice of migrant workers. The location of residence is often also the location of work. The exchange of information within the community affects the returnees' evaluation on the benefits of work. It has become an important mechanism for the decision of the migrant workers. Path dependence is a common phenomenon in the choice of work location for the returnee migrant workers. County seats should become the focus and main carrier of the new urbanization development in the rural areas.

Key words: migrant workers, return, work location, Henan Province