PROGRESS IN GEOGRAPHY ›› 2020, Vol. 39 ›› Issue (10): 1717-1731.doi: 10.18306/dlkxjz.2020.10.011

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Progress and prospect of urban resilience research

ZHAO Ruidong1(), FANG Chuanglin1,2,*(), LIU Haimeng2   

  1. 1. College of Resources and Environmental Science, Xinjiang University, Urumqi 830046, China
    2. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China
  • Received:2019-11-21 Revised:2020-02-18 Online:2020-10-28 Published:2020-12-28
  • Contact: FANG Chuanglin;
  • Supported by:
    Special Funds of the National Natural Science Foundation of China(41942004)


Under the background of global environmental change and urbanization, various risks and uncertainties have posed an important obstacle on urban security and urban sustainable development. As a potential new approach of urban risk management, urban resilience can improve the ability to resist, dissolve, and adapt when facing risks and uncertainties, and expound the adaptive scheme of risks in the process of rapid urbanization. Urban resilience has been a new topic in geography and related disciplines. Based on the origin and concept of urban resilience research, from the perspective of the impact of various factors (human, environmental, disaster) on urban resilience, this study constructed a theoretical framework of urban resilience, including evaluation and scenario simulation, and discussed the status of urban resilience research, pointing out that there are still many weak links in the theoretical framework, mechanism, practical application, and difference analysis of urban resilience research. Finally, the key directions of urban resilience research were also discussed. The theoretical framework should be used as a guide to promote multi-objective, multi-level, and multi-perspective systematic evaluation research. With the analysis of mechanism as support, studies should aim to achieve a new breakthrough in process simulation of urban resilience and decision making and early warning. Oriented by empirical research, studies should continue to strengthen the application model of multidisciplinary integration and exploration of urban resilience. Considering regional differences, further work should try to achieve a change in urban planning from the unified "one policy for multi-city" approach to the flexible "one policy for one city" approach.

Key words: urban resilience, urban sustainable development, global environmental change, systematic feedback, resilience transformation, research review