PROGRESS IN GEOGRAPHY ›› 2020, Vol. 39 ›› Issue (6): 1047-1059.doi: 10.18306/dlkxjz.2020.06.014

• Special Issue | Rural Revitalization • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Micro-scale study on rural transformation and development driven by tourism:Taking Shangwang Village in Xi’an City as an example

WU Kongsen1, RUI Yang1,*(), CHEN Jia1, ZHANG Liqiong2, YANG Xinjun1, ZHANG Baigang1   

  1. 1. College of Urban and Environmental Sciences, Northwest University, Xi'an 710127, China
    2. The Library of Northwest University, Xi'an 710127, China
  • Received:2019-07-09 Revised:2019-10-25 Online:2020-06-28 Published:2020-08-28
  • Contact: RUI Yang
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China(41601174);MOE Project of Humanities and Social Sciences(19YJCZH06);Natural Science Basic Research Project of Shaanxi Province(2018JM5109)


Based on a multi-factor comprehensive perspective, a conceptual model of micro-scale rural regional system was constructed with land use and livelihood dimensions. Taking Shangwang Village in Xi'an City as an example, and using remote sensing images, survey questionnaires, and interview data, this study explored the transformation of land use and the livelihood change of farmers in a "suburban village". On this basis, four "scenery-surrounding villages" with different location characteristics and development types were compared and analyzed, and the following conclusions were obtained: 1) With the scaling-up and specialization of rural tourism development, the land use of Shangwang Village has gradually become diversified, compounded, and tourism-focused. The combination of farmers' livelihood strategies begin to change, and the correlation between employment, income, consumption, and tourism continues to increase. Shangwang Village has been transformed from a traditional agricultural village to a destination for rural tourism. 2) The transformation and development of Shangwang Village is the result of the comprehensive effect of internal and external factors. Its superior location is the basis of the transformation and development, and the timely intervention and regulation of the government is an important support. The development of the tourist market of rural tourism is its external driving force, and the rational choice of farmers is its internal driving force. 3) The differences between the "suburban village" and the "scenery-surrounding villages" in terms of terrain condition, resources endowment, and tourist market due to their different locations have led to the differentiation of the rural tourism development and have affected their transformation and development processes.

Key words: rural tourism, rural transformation and development, land use, livelihood change, Shangwang Village in Xi'an City