PROGRESS IN GEOGRAPHY ›› 2019, Vol. 38 ›› Issue (12): 1854-1864.doi: 10.18306/dlkxjz.2019.12.003

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Regional differences and types of rural functions in the Yangtze River Economic Belt

WANG Guangyao1, ZHAO Zhongqiu1,2,*(), ZHU Peitian3, LI Yufeng1, SU Zhijie1, LIU Jian1   

  1. 1. College of Land Science and Technology, China University of Geosciences, Beijing 100083, China
    2. Key Laboratory of Land Consolidation and Rehabilitation, Ministry of Natural Resources, Beijing 100035, China
    3. Information Center of Ministry of Natural Resources, Beijing 100812, China
  • Received:2019-04-25 Revised:2019-06-13 Online:2019-12-28 Published:2019-12-28
  • Contact: ZHAO Zhongqiu E-mail:zhongqiuzhao@163.com
  • Supported by:
    Supporting Project of the Ministry of Natural Resources, China(121101000000180029)

Abstract:

Making use of the advantages of different rural functions is an important way to realize rural revitalization. By constructing an index system of rural function evaluation and using GIS and the Theil index, the characteristics of production-living-ecological functions and source of regional differences in rural areas in the Yangtze River Economic Belt in 2016 were revealed. The results show that: 1) The spatial differentiation of production-living-ecological functions in rural areas of the Yangtze River Economic Belt was obvious. Midstream and downstream plain areas have a strong agricultural production function, downstream provincial capital cities and core development cities have powerful living function, and upstream and midstream mountainous and hilly areas have a strong ecological conservation function. 2) The overall regional differences in rural functions are derived from intraregional differences. The agricultural production function is significantly different within the upstream region, and the life and ecological conservation function is significantly different within the downstream region. The overall differences in rural functions in the midstream area are not significant. 3) Based on the evaluation results, the study area is divided into eight types of functional areas, namely, agricultural production area, living area, ecological conservation area, living-agricultural production area, living-ecological conservation area, agricultural production-ecological conservation area, agricultural production-living-ecological conservation development area, agricultural production-living-ecological conservation coordination area, thus providing a scientific basis for improving the spatial layout of rural functions in the Yangtze River Economic Belt.

Key words: rural functions, regional differences, functional division, the Yangtze River Economic Belt