PROGRESS IN GEOGRAPHY ›› 2019, Vol. 38 ›› Issue (11): 1655-1664.doi: 10.18306/dlkxjz.2019.11.001

• Articles •     Next Articles

Elements and operation mechanisms of rural production spatial system

ZHOU Mingming1,2, WANG Cheng1,2,*()   

  1. 1. Laboratory of Research on Rural Human Settlements, School of Geographical Sciences, Southwest University, Chongqing 400715, China
    2. State Cultivation Base of Eco-Agriculture for Southwest mountainous Land, Chongqing 400715, China
  • Received:2018-12-21 Revised:2019-05-07 Online:2019-11-28 Published:2019-11-28
  • Contact: WANG Cheng
  • Supported by:
    National Key Research and Development Program No(2018YFD1100804)


Rural production spatial system is a typical human-earth system, which has the characteristics of dissipative structure. Guided by the system theory and following the basic methods of system science, this study theoretically analyzed the connotation and elements of rural production spatial system, and divided the evolution process of rural production spatial system around the transformation of rural production relations. On this basis, it clarified the operation mechanisms of rural production spatial system. The study found that rural production spatial system is mainly composed of four sets of elements: basic elements (resources, environment, and infrastructure), core elements (multiple stakeholders and rural culture), driving elements (capital, technology, information, and market) and management elements (institutions and policies). According to the patterns of rural production relation change, economic system change, and urban-rural relationship change, the evolution process of rural production spatial system after the founding of the People's Republic of China was divided into four periods: land reform movement, agricultural mutual assistance and cooperation movement, people's commune movement, and household responsibility system. In different periods, the elements of rural production spatial system and their interrelated ways varied, and the characteristics of rural production spatial system are different. Rural production spatial system promotes its operation and development through supporting and restraining mechanisms, competition and cooperation mechanisms, and regulatory and feedback mechanisms. Future research will focus on examining the operation status of rural production spatial system, and diagnosing the dynamic mechanisms or obstacles of the system operation from the perspective of factor function, structural relationship, and coordination.

Key words: rural production spatial system, elements, evolution process, operation mechanism