PROGRESS IN GEOGRAPHY ›› 2019, Vol. 38 ›› Issue (9): 1435-1446.doi: 10.18306/dlkxjz.2019.09.016

• Paths and Models of Rural Revitalization • Previous Articles    

Characteristics of change and vitalization pathways of poor villages based on multifunctional rural development theory: A case study of Zahan Village in Hainan Province

MA Li1,2,3,LONG Hualou1,2,3,*(),TU Shuangshuang1,4,ZHANG Yingnan1,2,3   

  1. 1. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China
    2. College of Resources and Environment, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
    3. Key Laboratory of Regional Sustainable Development Modeling, CAS, Beijing 100101, China
    4. Institute of Geography and Oceanography, Nanning Normal University, Nanning 530001, China
  • Received:2019-02-15 Revised:2019-04-16 Online:2019-09-28 Published:2019-09-25
  • Contact: LONG Hualou
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China(No.41731286);National Natural Science Foundation of China(No.41971216);National Natural Science Foundation of China(No.41901207);Project of Poverty Alleviation Supported by Science and Technology, CAS(No.fp-2018-4)


For most regions in rural China, poverty is an important factor restricting rural development. In order to reduce excessive dependence on agriculture and single production function, rural multifunctionality is receiving increasing more attention. Multifunctional rural development is to a great extent conducive to reducing the incidence of poverty and improving the ability of rural communities and families to face the pressure of survival. Under the background of rural revitalization in China, this study used field investigation and semistructured interview results to analyze the characteristics of change and driving factors of rural development in poor villages from the perspective of multifunctionality. Based on the development model of Zahan Village, we further explored alternative pathways for vitalizing poor rural villages. The results show that: 1) Under the influence of "policy opportunity geography", Zahan Village has experienced a transition from a vulnerable poor rural village to a village with diversified functions. 2) The coordinated development of agricultural production, social security, ecological conservation, and cultural heritage protection in rural areas has positive implications for improving the level of rural socioeconomic development and enhancing rural resilience. 3) Factors driving rural multifunctional transition include policy support, market demand, natural environment, capital and technology, stakeholders, and cultural traits. 4) In view of the constraints of rural development in poor villages, it is proposed to provide external support for rural vitalization from the macro level, promote synergistic interaction from the meso level, stimulate endogenous forces from the micro level, and achieve rural vitalization through overall planning and various breakthroughs. Finally, based on the multifunctional rural development theory, the dilemmas and prospect of rural vitalization and development were discussed.

Key words: rural vitalization, rural poverty, multifunctional rural development theory, alternative pathway, Hainan Province