PROGRESS IN GEOGRAPHY ›› 2019, Vol. 38 ›› Issue (9): 1316-1328.doi: 10.18306/dlkxjz.2019.09.005

• Types and Functions of Rural Revitalization • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Spatial pattern and influencing factors of rural multifunctionality at county level in China

YANG Ren,LUO Xiuli,CHEN Yanchun   

  1. School of Geography and Planning/Guangdong Key Laboratory for Urbanization and Geo-simulation, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou 510275, China
  • Received:2019-03-21 Revised:2019-06-08 Online:2019-09-28 Published:2019-09-25
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China(No.41871177);National Natural Science Foundation of China(No.41801088);National Natural Science Foundation of China(No.41401190);Science and Technology Program of Guangzhou, China(No.201707010097)


To reveal the spatial differentiation characteristics of rural multifunctionality in Chinese county areas and quantitatively identify the influencing factors of spatial differentiation of rural multifunctionality, this study comprehensively evaluated rural multifunctionality at the county level in China from 2000 to 2015 by constructing an evaluation index system, using entropy weight method, semi-variance function, and geodetector method. The main results are as follows: 1) The spatial distribution of rural multifunctionality was uneven. High-value regions of rural multifunctionality were concentrated in the plain areas and the eastern coasts of China. Low-value regions were concentrated on the plateaus and in the mountain regions. Rural multifunctionality presents a gradual upward temporal trend as a whole. 2) The contribution rate of economic development function and social security function to rural multifunctionality gradually increased, and the contribution rate of agricultural production function and ecological conservation function to rural multifunctionality gradually decreased. 3) From 2000 to 2015, the range and intensity of spatial auto-correlation of rural multifunctionality gradually decreased at the county level in China. Random factors became the driving forces of spatial differentiation of rural multifunctionality. 4) Economic development and fiscal revenue of counties were the main factors that affect the spatial differentiation of rural multifunctionality. The interaction of different influencing factors enhanced the spatial differentiation of rural multifunctionality. The degree of influence of social factors was gradually rising and the degree of influence of natural factors was gradually decreasing over time.

Key words: territorial multifunctionality, rural development, semi-variance function, geodetector, China