PROGRESS IN GEOGRAPHY ›› 2019, Vol. 38 ›› Issue (8): 1227-1239.doi: 10.18306/dlkxjz.2019.08.011

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Tourism community participation of tourism areas based on a crisis response perspective:Taking the Dajiuzhai region after the Wenchuan Earthquake as an example

NIAN Sifeng,ZHANG Jie(),ZHANG Honglei,ZHANG Jinhe,ZHANG Hui   

  1. School of Geographic and Oceanographic Sciences, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210023, China
  • Received:2019-01-07 Revised:2019-04-07 Online:2019-08-25 Published:2019-08-25
  • Contact: ZHANG Jie E-mail:jiezhang
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China(41171121)


Tourism is a sensitive and vulnerable service industry, and crisis events have become one of the important factors that influence and restrict its sustainable development. Tourism industry is also related to the livelihoods and socioeconomic development of local communities. Therefore it is particularly important to prevent and respond to crisis events and ensure the healthy development of tourism. This research took Jiuzhaigou, Qingchengshan and Beichuan Counties as study area and used 556 survey samples after the Richter 8.0 Wenchuan Earthquake. Based on community participation and community resilience theories and adapting structural equation modeling as a technical method, this study constructed a conceptual framework of community participation based on a crisis response perspective with community participation benefit perception, community resilience, and community attachment as dimensions. The results show that: 1) Post-earthquake community participation benefit perception (0.30, P≤0.001) and community resilience (0.59, P≤0.001) have significant positive effects on local community crisis response and support for tourism development in tourism areas, and the effect of community resilience is stronger than community benefit perception. 2) Community attachment (0.19, P≤0.001) plays a significant positive role in community participation, and has a partial mediating effect on community resilience and community participation intention. However, community attachment has no mediating effect on community participation benefit and community participation intention. 3) This study found that community participation with regard to crisis response is composed of support, involvement, and responsivity. It constructed a community participation "ABR" framework, including community attachment, community benefit, and community resilience. It has expanded the boundaries of research on community participation in tourism areas, and has certain theoretical and practical significance for community participation and crisis management in tourism communities.

Key words: tourism destination, community participation, community resilience, community attachment, Wenchuan Earthquake, Dajiuzhai region