PROGRESS IN GEOGRAPHY ›› 2019, Vol. 38 ›› Issue (7): 1080-1092.doi: 10.18306/dlkxjz.2019.07.012

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Spatial characteristics and influencing factors of marine economic growth quality in Liaoning coastal areas

Bo LI1, Chuang TIAN1,2, Zhaoyuan SHI1,3, Zenglin HAN1   

  1. 1. Center for Studies of Marine Economy and Sustainable Development, Liaoning Normal University, Dalian 116029, Liaoning, China
    2. School of Maritime Economics and Management of Dalian Maritime University, Dalian 116026, Liaoning, China
    3. School of Geography and Planning, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou 510275, China
  • Received:2018-12-25 Revised:2019-03-12 Online:2019-07-28 Published:2019-07-28
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China, No. 41201114;Major Project of Key Research Base of Humanity and Social Science of Ministry of Education, No. 16JJD790021;Youth Science and Technology Star Project Foundation of Dalian, No. 2016RQ48.

Abstract:

Under the new normal background, marine economy in China should develop with higher quality and effectiveness. Based on the framework of "knowldege/understanding-evaluation-construction-optimization", this study defined the connotation of marine economic growth quality and used a center-gravity model to analyze the spatial structure of marine economic growth quality in Liaoning coastal areas from 2000 to 2014. A spatial econometric model was used to examine the spatial effects and influencing mechanisms for marine economic growth. Recommendations for path control were proposed according to the extent of factor effects. The study found that: 1) Marine economic growth quality in Liaoning coastal areas exhibits a "core-circles" structure, forming a goose-straddle pattern with Dalian as the leading goose. A diamond-shaped gravitational flow promotes the concentrated development for the area. 2) There is a significant spatial agglomeration effect in the gravitational flow of marine economic growth quality in Liaoning coastal areas. The results of the spatial Durbin model show that the elements of marine capital, marine infrastructure, and marine industrial structure have become downstream mechanisms that promote marine economic growth quality in the area, and marine industrial structure is the main flow for marine economic growth quality, which has obvious influence in spatial agglomeration. However, marine talents have become a constraint flow on marine economic growth quality in Liaoning coastal areas, which restricts the flow of relevant elements. 3) Through the division of path effects, we proposed to strengthen the role of Dalian as the central area, formulate control measures for cities in the hinterland based on their roles and resource endowments in the regional system, and promote the process of coordination and integration in Liaoning coastal areas.

Key words: marine economic growth quality, center-gravity model, spatial agglomeration effect, spatial Durbin model, Liaoning coastal areas