PROGRESS IN GEOGRAPHY ›› 2019, Vol. 38 ›› Issue (7): 998-1008.doi: 10.18306/dlkxjz.2019.07.005

• Special Column: the Belt and Road Initiative • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Technology trade pattern and change in the Belt and Road region

Dezhong DUAN1,2,3(), Ying CHEN2, Debin DU1,2,3,*()   

  1. 1. Institute for Global Innovation and Development, East China Normal University, Shanghai 200062, China
    2. School of Urban & Regional Science, East China Normal University, Shanghai 200241, China;
    3. ECNU Institute of Belt and Road & Global Development, Shanghai 200062, China;
  • Received:2019-02-15 Revised:2019-06-20 Online:2019-07-28 Published:2019-07-28
  • Contact: Debin DU E-mail:dzduan@geo.ecnu.edu.cn;dbdu@re.ecnu.edu.cn
  • Supported by:
    China Postdoctoral Science Foundation, No. 2018M641962;Special Topic of ECNU Institute of Belt and Road & Global Development, No. ECNU-BRGD-201807.

Abstract:

Based on the imports and exports of intellectual property rights between countries (regions) from 2001 to 2015 and by mapping the global (external) and local (internal) technology trade networks, this study examined the technology trade pattern and change of the Belt and Road region from the global and local perspectives. We found that: 1) In the local (internal) technology trade network, internal technology imports pattern has changed from CIS (Commonwealth of the Independent States) and CEU (Central and Eastern Europe countries) dominated to East Asia countries dominated, and internal technology exports pattern has shifted from "one leading pole" of West Asia countries to the "three poles" of countries in ASEAN, West Asia, and East Asia. The Belt and Road region has a very low status in the internal technology supply chain. A large number of technologies need to be imported from the outside, but as a technology sales market, the Belt and Road region has significantly improved its position in the internal technology sales chain. 2) In the global (external) technology trade network, external technology imports pattern has changed from ASEAN dominated to East Asia dominated, and external technology exports pattern was always dominated by the ASEAN region with Singapore at the core. The Belt and Road region has significantly improved its position in the international technology sales market, but its position in the international technology supply chain was always very low. 3) With regard to the types of technology trade, most of the countries along the Belt and Road relied on internal technology trade to achieve technological complementarity, while the technology supply and sales of the countries with high technology trades were mainly relying on the outside. The regional technology trade network of the Belt and Road region has not yet been formed. At the end of the article, we recommend that China should increase its exports of technology to countries along the Belt and Road and build a regional technology cooperation network along the Belt and Road as soon as possible.

Key words: the Belt and Road Initiative, technology trade network, technology import, technology export, technology trade type