PROGRESS IN GEOGRAPHY ›› 2019, Vol. 38 ›› Issue (4): 477-488.doi: 10.18306/dlkxjz.2019.04.002

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Review of geo-setting research in China

Wei HU1(), Zhiding HU2, Yuejing GE1,3,*()   

  1. 1. Faculty of Geographical Science, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875, China
    2. School of Urban and Regional Science, East China Normal University, Shanghai 200062, China
    3. School of Geographical Science, Qinghai Normal University, Xining 810008, China
  • Received:2018-07-07 Revised:2019-01-27 Online:2019-04-28 Published:2019-04-28
  • Contact: Yuejing GE;
  • Supported by:
    Major Programme of National Social Science Foundation of China, No. 16ZDA041;National Natural Science Foundation of China, No. 41871128 and 41661033.


China's rise is faced with the most complex geo-setting in human history. Establishing and improving the geo-setting analysis framework and researching and forcasting the changing situation of China's geo-setting are the needs of both the disciplinary development in human geography and national development. Currently, the research on China's geo-setting is progressing. The main researching contents are seperate studies on geo-setting definition, geo-setting analysis, driving mechanism of change in geo-setting, geo-relationships, and research methods of geo-setting. However, there is a lack of systematic research on geo-setting elements, and a complete set of recognized geo-setting change driving mechanisms has not been proposed yet, nor has a completed geo-setting analysis framework been established. Based on the past research and looking into the future, this article holds that geo-setting is an important research issue of human geography. Geographic elements influence geopolitics and geoeconomics through geo-setting. Geo-entities, geographical environment, geo-relationships, and geo-structures constitute the geo-setting system. Geo-distance and geo-flows are the core variables of a geo-setting. Therefore, future geo-setting research needs to pay more attention to the geo-relationships under the influence of geo-structures, strengthen the discussion of multidimensional, multiscale, and long-period geo-setting change driving mechanisms and interactions of geo-setting elements, expand geo-setting research methods and techniques, and deepen the geo-setting research of the Belt and Road region.

Key words: geo-setting, geopolitics, geoeconomics, Belt and Road Initiative, China