PROGRESS IN GEOGRAPHY ›› 2018, Vol. 37 ›› Issue (12): 1713-1726.doi: 10.18306/dlkxjz.2018.12.013

• Articles • Previous Articles    

Spatial differentiation and influencing factors of residents' self-rated health and environmental hazard perception: A case study of Zhengzhou City

Hongbo ZHAO1,2(), Yuanbo FENG1, Guanpeng DONG1,3, Changhong MIAO1,2,*()   

  1. 1. Key Research Institute of Yellow River Civilization and Sustainable Development & Collaborative Innovation Center on Yellow River Civilization of Henan Province, Henan University, Kaifeng 475001, Henan, China;
    2. College of Environment and Planning, Henan University, Kaifeng 475001, Henan, China
    3. Department of Geography and Planning, University of Liverpool, Liverpool L697ZQ, UK
  • Received:2018-01-22 Revised:2018-07-30 Online:2018-12-28 Published:2018-12-28
  • Contact: Changhong MIAO;
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China, No.41501128, No.41430637;China Postdoctoral Science Foundation, No.2015M582181;Science and Technology Development Plan Project of Henan Province, No.172400410410, No.182400410143


Environmental pollution and health issues have aroused increasing concerns in the world. Based on a large-scale questionnaire survey in Zhengzhou City, Henan Province in 2016, this study examined the spatial differentiation and key influencing factors of self-rated health and perceived environmental hazards in the city on the micro-scale by using GIS spatial analysis technique, multiple linear regression model, and logistic regression model. The following conclusions can be drawn: (1) The perception of residents on own health was generally at a moderate level. The majority of the surveyed residents believed that air pollution was the most serious problem in Zhengzhou, followed by noise pollution and landfill and water pollution, but all four kinds of environmental pollution had a significant impact on the health of the residents. (2) The spatial differentiation of residents’ health perception was evident, which showed a clear pattern of low values in the core area and high values in the periphery, namely, the health levels in the central city regions were lower, while the suburban regions showed higher health levels. (3) Individuals with different socioeconomic status showed significant differences in their own health perception. Perception of health was getting worse for older people. In particular, the people over 60 years old had the worst perception of health conditions. The proportion of highly-educated and high-income people who considered their health as excellent or good was far greater than the proportion for poorly educated and low-income residents. The effects of gender and marital status on health perception were not obvious. The longer the distance between residence and workplace, the lower proportion of people who felt excellent or good with their health. Meanwhile, location of subdistricts had a remarkable effect on residents’ health perception. The aim of the study was to provide a scientific basis for more equal and effective policies on resident health in Zhengzhou City.

Key words: resident self-rated health, environmental hazard perception, spatial differentiation, influencing factors, Zhengzhou City