PROGRESS IN GEOGRAPHY ›› 2018, Vol. 37 ›› Issue (8): 1119-1130.doi: 10.18306/dlkxjz.2018.08.011

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Spatial features and forming mechanism of rural land non-agricultural degree in metropolitan areas: A case study of Guangzhou City

Ying LIU1(), Chunshan ZHOU1,*(), Wanling HUANG1, Qianqiong ZHU2   

  1. 1. School of Geography and Planning, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou 510275, China
    2. School of Urban Planning and Design, Shenzhen Graduate School, Peking University, Shenzhen 518055, Guangdong, China
  • Received:2017-08-28 Revised:2018-01-12 Online:2018-09-04 Published:2018-09-04
  • Contact: Chunshan ZHOU;
  • Supported by:
    National Social Science Foundation of China, No.17BRK010


As the result of a series of significant strategic decisions promulgated by the Chinese government, including Urban and Rural Harmonious Development, New Urbanization, New Rural Construction, and the government's focus on problems facing rural areas, rural population, and agriculture, rural settlements have become a research focus of contemporary geography in China. As a key area of rapid urbanization and agglomeration of production and living factors, the land use of rural settlements in metropolitan areas changes rapidly and complicatedly, which has become an important content of research. This study divided the rural settlements into five categories and then analyzed the spatial distribution of rural land non-agricultural degree in Guangzhou City in 2013 using correlated index and GIS. The results show that: (1) Rural land non-agricultural degree decreases with the distance between a rural settlement and the metropolitan area, and increases from the outer suburb to the inner suburb. (2) There is a significant correlation between the rural land non-agricultural degree and the development level of the district centers. The distribution of non-agriculture land in inner suburb areas is zonal spread while the distribution in outer suburb areas is along the main roads. (3) The level of rural development is generally higher where major infrastructure is developed. Finally, this study analyzed the mechanism of the spatial distribution of rural land non-agriculture degree in Guangzhou City by using multiple linear regression and geographical detector. This paper provides some reference for how to use rural non-agricultural process to promote urban development, optimize and regulate rural land use, and plan village development.

Key words: non-agricultural degree of rural land, spatial feature, forming mechanism, rural settlement, metropolitan area, Guangzhou City