PROGRESS IN GEOGRAPHY ›› 2018, Vol. 37 ›› Issue (8): 1055-1065.doi: 10.18306/dlkxjz.2018.08.005

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Spatial pattern of cost accessibility of provincial capital cities by high-speed rail and consumption in China

Deyou MENG1,2(), Xiaojian LI1,2   

  1. 1. College of Environment and Planning, Henan University, Kaifeng 475004, Henan, China
    2. Collaborative Innovation Center of Urban-Rural Coordinated Development, Zhengzhou 450046, China
  • Received:2017-06-21 Revised:2017-09-30 Online:2018-09-04 Published:2018-09-04
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Sciences Foundation of China, No.41501178, No.41471117;Young Talents Fund of Henan University of Economics and Law, No.hncjzfdxqnbjrc201601;China Postdoctoral Science Foundation No.2016M602234, No.2017T100530

Abstract:

Although accessibility in terms of travel time has improved to a great extent under the construction of high-speed rail, people's consumption expectations of high-speed rail are limited by the raise of travel cost caused by the high ticket price of high-speed rail. From the perspective of cost accessibility and people's consumption capacity of high-speed rail, the level and change of inter-provincial cost accessibility, people's consumption capacity, and consumption expectations are calculated and analyzed by average travel cost, high-speed rail consumption capacity index, and high-speed rail consumption expectation index, based on the data of shortest travel time and corresponding railway fares between provincial capital cities, and per capita income of urban residents in 2008 and 2015. The results show that: (1) Travel cost accessibility has improved to different degrees under the construction of high-speed rail in china, and the spatial pattern of cost accessibility has been transformed from the "core-periphery" pattern with Zhengzhou-Jinan as the cores and other provinces as the peripheries to the "core-periphery" pattern with Hohehot-Taiyuan as the cores and other provinces as the peripheries; (2) People's consumption capacity of high-speed rail in the majority of provincial capital cities has increased to different degrees, while the level of consumption capacity and consumption expectation in central and eastern China is superior to the western and Northeast China. The research can provide some references for optimizing the service provision and improving the efficiency of the high-speed rail system.

Key words: high-speed rail, cost accessibility, consumption capacity of high-speed rail, consumption expectation of high-speed rail, China