PROGRESS IN GEOGRAPHY ›› 2018, Vol. 37 ›› Issue (5): 677-687.doi: 10.18306/dlkxjz.2018.05.011

• Restructuring Practice • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Change of human settlement environment and driving mechanism in traditional villages based on living-production-ecological space:A case study of Lanxi Village, Jiangyong County, Hunan Province

Bohua LI1,2,3, Can ZENG1,2,*(), Yindi DOU1,2,3, Peilin LIU1,2,3, Chi CHEN1,2,3   

  1. 1. Research Establishment for Human Settlement, Hengyang Normal University, Hengyang 421002, Hunan, China
    2. College of City and Tourism, Hengyang Normal University, Hengyang 421002, Hunan, China
    3. Cooperative Innovation Centre for Digitalization of Cultural Heritage in Ancient Villages and Town, Hengyang 421002, Hunan, China
  • Received:2017-09-07 Revised:2018-01-18 Online:2018-05-28 Published:2018-05-28
  • Contact: Can ZENG;
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China, No.41571161, No.41501191;Review Committee Project of Hunan Social Science, No. XSP18YBZ041;Scientific Research Project of Education Department of Hunan Province, No.16C0229;Open Project of Research Establishment for Human Settlement of Hunan Province, No. RJ1603


Under the background of rapid urbanization and rural tourism development, this study explored the characteristics and development mechanism of human settlement change in Lanxi Village, Jiangyong County, Hunan Province from the perspective of living-production-ecological space, which to some extent can reflect the general patterns of traditional village development in China. Based on participatory rural appraisal (PRA) and GIS spatial analysis, this study examined the process, pattern, and mechanism of change of living-production-ecological space of Lanxi Village. The results show that: (1) Through analyzing the system coupling features of traditional villages’ human settlement environment and living-production-ecological space and based on the living-production-ecological space theory, we believe that traditional villages’ human settlement environment should contain livable living space, coordinated production functions, and beautiful ecological space, which accord with the goals and features of living-production-ecological space system. (2) The living space of Lanxi Village transformed from consanguineous concentration to expansion to the periphery; the production space transformed from agricultural function to tourism function; and the ecological space transformed from external overall contraction to patchy distribution. The processes of change of living-production-ecological space were intertwined and interpenetrative. Also living-production-ecological space of Lanxi Village gradually transformed from traditional human settlement space to new multiple use complex space. (3) Change in living-production-ecological space pattern was caused by both internal and external driving factors that include tourism market demand, government policies, spatial behavior transformation, and self-organizing reactions. The internal driving forces focused on the continuation and transformation of living space structural features, while the external driving factors were mainly embodied at the transformation and replacement of production and ecological space structures. Seen from the degree of adaptation to change of Lanxi Village, there are still many problems that remain to be solved. So this article suggests reconstitute the living-production-ecological space and explore sustainable human settlement construction mode of traditional villages.

Key words: living-production-ecological space, traditional village, settlement environment, driving mechanism, Lanxi Village of Jiangyong County