PROGRESS IN GEOGRAPHY ›› 2018, Vol. 37 ›› Issue (5): 667-676.doi: 10.18306/dlkxjz.2018.05.010

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Evaluation of rural transformation development in Hunan Province based on major function oriented zoning

Yanhua HE1,2(), Shuguang FAN1, Guohua ZHOU1,2,*(), Chengli TANG1, Peng PENG1,2   

  1. 1. College of Resources and Environment Science, Hunan Normal University, Changsha 410081, China
    2. Hunan Provincial Key Laboratory of Geospatial Big Data Mining and Application, Changsha 410081, China
  • Received:2018-04-17 Revised:2018-05-07 Online:2018-05-28 Published:2018-05-28
  • Contact: Guohua ZHOU;
  • Supported by:
    Philosophy and Social Science Research Project of Hunan Province, No. 12YBB179;Scientific Research Project of Education Department of Hunan Province for Outstanding Young People, No.14B110;National Natural Science Foundation of China , No. 41471145


Rural transformation is an important way to achieve sustainable development of rural areas. The establishment of rural transformation path and policy in line with major function-oriented zoning is an important measure to promote the integration of urban and rural development and achieve rural revitalization. Taking Hunan Province, an agricultural region in central China, as an example and based on major function oriented zoning, this study constructed an evaluation index system of rural transformation degree around the core elements including population, land, and industry. We calculated the rural transformation degree of each county during 2006-2011 and 2011-2016, and analyzed the spatial differences and driving mechanisms of rural transformation development in various major function oriented zoning. The results show that the characteristics of rural transformation in different major function oriented zones varied because of factors such as natural condition, location, economic foundation, and policy environment. Rural transformation in prioritized development zones was mainly driven by cities and towns. The role of urban influences, market drivers, and farmers' decision-making power was outstanding. The degree of rural transformation was high and the speed was fast. Rural transformation in main agricultural zones was mainly driven by modern agriculture. Resource support, policy impetus, and cultural embeddedness played a leading role. The degree of rural transformation was relatively high, and the speed was relatively fast. Rural transformation in key ecological function zones was mainly driven by the government. Due to the constraints of topography, economic basis, and resources and the environment, the degree of rural transformation was relatively low, and the speed was relatively slow. The rural transformation degree of all major function orientedzones during 2011 to 2016 was improved compared with that during 2006 to 2011. The major function oriented zoning scheme of Hunan Province reflects the difference of rural development to some extent, but the guiding role of major function-oriented zoning policy in the process of rural transformation development needs to be strengthened.

Key words: rural restructuring, rural transformation degree, function oriented zoning, Hunan Province