PROGRESS IN GEOGRAPHY ›› 2018, Vol. 37 ›› Issue (5): 617-626.doi: 10.18306/dlkxjz.2018.05.005

• Theoretical Analysis • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Progress and prospect of research on the impact of population aging on rural development

Liuwen LIAO1,2,3(), Xiaolu GAO1,2,*()   

  1. 1. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China
    2. Key Laboratory of Regional Sustainable Development Modeling, CAS, Beijing 100101, China
    3. University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
  • Received:2018-04-18 Revised:2018-05-08 Online:2018-05-28 Published:2018-05-28
  • Contact: Xiaolu GAO;
  • Supported by:
    Key Program of National Natural Science Foundation of China, No.41731286


Population aging is an important demographic phenomenon for the development of human society. At present, it brings both challenges and opportunities for rural development, thusly calls for systematic studies on its impact on rural development in order to explore appropriate strategies to cope with aging. In this article, the impacts of population aging are analyzed with respect to the changes of rural land use, ecological space, agricultural production, consumption structure, rural governance, and social security, from the ecological, production, and living aspects. On this ground, we propose that rural population aging impact and adaptation research should focus on the environment, economic development, and social development dimensions, combined with the general aims of the national strategy on rural vitalization, including thriving businesses, pleasant living environments, social etiquette and civility, effective governance, and prosperity. In addition, three research fields that are in urgent need of breakthrough are summarized: (1) the impacts of rural population aging on the valuation of ecosystem services and economic benefits from the perspective of population mobility; (2) spatial differentiation of rural population aging and its impacts on agricultural modernization; and (3) rural vitalization pathways to cope with population aging.

Key words: rural development, population aging, rural vitalization, progress and prospect