PROGRESS IN GEOGRAPHY ›› 2018, Vol. 37 ›› Issue (4): 567-578.doi: 10.18306/dlkxjz.2018.04.012

• Review • Previous Articles    

Analytical framework of sustainable poverty-reduction effect and mechanisms of anti-poverty models

Yanhua LIU1(), Yong XU2   

  1. 1. School of Economics, Zhejiang University of Finances and Economics, Hangzhou 310018, China
    2. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China
  • Received:2017-09-14 Revised:2018-02-12 Online:2018-04-20 Published:2018-04-20
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China, No. 41601122


The "targeted poverty alleviation policy" is one of the most important strategies in recent years for China to build a well-off society in an all-round way. Among the many contents of this strategy, accurately identifying poor people and groups, arranging anti-poverty projects, and monitoring the effects of poverty reduction are the three core aspects. To ensure effective implementation of these policy objectives, a series of scientific and systematic methods for estimating and assessing the accuracy and efficiency of poverty reduction are necessary. However, related studies so far have focused mostly on the economic dimension, and very few of them have explored the underlying mechanisms or assessed the sustainability of poverty-reduction effects. From a multidimensional, dynamic, and systematic perspective, this article categorizes the anti-poverty models in rural China according to the main aspects each project works with, formulates a framework for analyzing the sustainable poverty-reduction effects of these models based on the sustainable livelihoods framework proposed by DFID, and then explores the working mechanism of each anti-poverty model. The result shows that the proposed framework can not only express whether the mechanism of an anti-poverty model matches the characteristics of the target poor people, but also assess the improvements it brings in multiple dimensions of people’s livelihoods and its sustainability. Thus the framework may help shine light on the development of systematic, comprehensive, and quantitative methods or models for estimating the sustainable poverty-reduction effects of anti-poverty projects.

Key words: anti-poverty model, vulnerability, sustainable livelihoods, poverty-reduction effect, mechanism