PROGRESS IN GEOGRAPHY ›› 2018, Vol. 37 ›› Issue (2): 287-298.doi: 10.18306/dlkxjz.2018.02.011

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Spatial-temporal changes of population-economy-land-society-ecology coordination level of urbanization and clustering: A case of Guangdong Province, China

Jiufeng LI1(), Huafei YU1, Yingchun FU1,2,*(), Yaolong ZHAO1,2   

  1. 1. School of Geography, South China Normal University, Guangzhou 510631, China
    2. Guangdong Provincial Center for Smart Land Research, Guangzhou 510631, China
  • Received:2017-04-17 Revised:2017-09-18 Online:2018-02-28 Published:2018-02-28
  • Contact: Yingchun FU;
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China, No.41101152;Science and Technology Planning Project of Guangdong Province, China, No.2015A010103013


Multidimensional urbanization coordination evaluation is an important aspect for measuring the quality of urbanization of a region, and spatial-temporal clustering models are effective means for analyzing features of urbanization. Considering the lack of multidimensional comprehensive spatial-temporal analysis of urbanization coordination degree at present, this article takes Guangdong Province as an example and propose a complex spatial-temporal coordination degree evaluation model based on spatial-temporal weight matrix. This model is used to analyze the urbanization coordination level from 2006 to 2014, and the clustering is analyzed by the spatiotemporal scanning method. The results show that: (1) The coordination level of urbanization in recent years shows three kinds of temporal characteristics: the level of population urbanization shows the "concentrated" characteristics of development with time, while the economy and land show low frequency alternations of "concentrated and scattered " development, and social, ecological, and comprehensive level show a high frequency alternation of "concentrated and scattered" development. The spatial-temporal changes of each dimension and comprehensive system coordination degree show that the stable cities are mainly located in the core area of the Pearl River Delta. (2) The spatial-temporal clustering characteristics of each system are not only differentiated, but also overlapped. Western Guangdong Province forms a spatial-temporal cluster featuring coordination of population urbanization; the economic and land dimensions of the coordination of spatial-temporal clustering coincide in the Pearl River Delta and northern Guangdong; the social and ecological dimensions of coordination of spatial-temporal clustering cross in the Pearl River Delta and eastern Guangdong Province, and system coordination is centered. In addition, the stability of population, economic, and social dimensions in the spatial-temporal clusters is superior to that of land and ecological dimensions. The conclusion of this study is helpful for revealing the spatial-temporal characteristics of urbanization in the region.

Key words: urbanization coordination level, spatial-temporal changes, complex spatial-temporal system coordination degree evaluation model, spatial-temporal clustering model, Guangdong Province