PROGRESS IN GEOGRAPHY ›› 2018, Vol. 37 ›› Issue (1): 46-56.doi: 10.18306/dlkxjz.2018.01.006

• Subdisciplines • Previous Articles     Next Articles

A review on socio-hydrology and urban hydrology

Fuqiang TIAN1(), Tao CHENG2,3, You LU1, Zongxue XU2,3   

  1. 1. Department of Hydraulic Engineering, University State Key Laboratory of Hydro-science and Engineering,Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, China
    2. College of Water Sciences, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875, China
    3. Beijing Key Laboratory for Urban Hydrology Cycle and Sponge City Technology, Beijing 100875, China
  • Received:2017-12-23 Revised:2018-01-13 Online:2018-01-28 Published:2018-01-28
  • Supported by:
    National Key Research and Development Program, No.2016YFC0402701;National Natural Science Foundation of China, No.L1624026;Research Project on the Development Strategy of Chinese Academy of Sciences, No.2016-DX-C-02


The impact of human activities on hydrological processes becomes remarkable in Anthropocene, and many problems go beyond the scope of traditional hydrology. As two important sub-disciplines in hydrology that focus on human interventions, socio-hydrology and urban hydrology have attracted increasingly more attention. With the strengthened interactions between human and water, hydrological and human systems are becoming tightly coupled, and socio-hydrology emerged to investigate the feedbacks between the two systems and their coevolution processes. Cities are places where human activities and the natural system interact most intensively, and the hydrological processes in urban regions are becoming more complicated, therefore urban hydrology has been developed. The two disciplines are of great importance for the medium- and long-term planning and management of water resources and related socioeconomic development, as well as for guiding urban planning and construction, enhancing urban water security, and improving urban water environment. This article reviewed the patterns of development and characteristics of research of the two disciplines. It also analyzed the research status and development trends, including the study of social factors, case study in representative basins, comparative study of different cases, and model simulation in socio-hydrology, as well as the impact of urbanization on precipitation and flood, and the response relationship between urbanization and environment in urban hydrology. Key study areas in the two disciplines are discussed. For socio-hydrology, the key study areas include constitutive relation study, comparative socio-hydrology, and interdisciplinary study while the key study areas of urban hydrology include the mechanism and simulation of urbanization impact on hydrological processes, monitoring and forecasting technology of urban rainstorm and flood, and urban rain-flood management and resource utilization technology.

Key words: socio-hydrology, urban hydrology, human impact, feedbacks between water and human systems, urbanization