PROGRESS IN GEOGRAPHY ›› 2018, Vol. 37 ›› Issue (1): 28-35.doi: 10.18306/dlkxjz.2018.01.004

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Climate change risk and methodology for its quantitative assessment

Shaohong WU1,2,*(), Jiangbo GAO1, Haoyu DENG1,2, Lulu LIU1,2, Tao PAN1   

  1. 1. Key Laboratory of Land Surface Pattern and Simulation, Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China
    2. University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
    3. Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100864, China
  • Received:2018-01-09 Revised:2018-01-17 Online:2018-01-28 Published:2018-01-28
  • Contact: Shaohong WU
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China, No.L1624026;Research Project on the Development Strategy of Chinese Academy of Sciences, No.2016-DX-C-02;Key Project of National Natural Science Foundation of China, No.41530749;Grants Program of China Clean Development Mechanism Fund, No.2014092, No.2013034


Risk assessment is a core area of climate change research. Quantitative assessment methods have been developed particularly due to the needs for theory of mitigation and adaptation strategies, and have been applied to a great number of specific assessments. However, there have been different viewpoints of the risk composition of climate change, and overall, integrated classification by coupling risk causing factors and risk bearing bodies is lacking. This article illuminates the risk composition of climate change, including the danger of risk causing factors, the exposure and vulnerability of risk bearing bodies, and their interrelations. The emergence and change of risk were clarified. Based on the integrated analysis of risk causing factors and risk bearing bodies, this study divided the climate change risk quantitative assessment methods into sudden onset hazard risk and slow onset hazard risk assessment methods, then the theoretical elaboration and case analysis were conducted for the two types of risks respectively. Finally, according to the current status and needs, this article proposes the future development directions of climate change risk research, including risk assessment under different warming amplitude, vulnerability curve construction, and adaptation.

Key words: climate change, risk formation, quantitative assessment, methodology, progress and prospect