PROGRESS IN GEOGRAPHY ›› 2017, Vol. 36 ›› Issue (5): 549-556.doi: 10.18306/dlkxjz.2017.05.003

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Characteristics and diagnostic criteria of rural residential land marginalization in the urban-rural transformation development period in China

Fengkai ZHU1(), Xinli KE1,*(), Fengrong ZHANG2   

  1. 1. College of Land Administration, Huazhong Agricultural University, Wuhan 430070, China
    2. College of Resources and Environmental Sciences, China Agricultural University, Beijing 100193, China
  • Received:2016-09-01 Online:2017-05-20 Published:2017-05-20
  • Contact: Xinli KE;
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China, No.41671519,No.41371113;Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities, No.0900206296


This study examines changes in form and marginalization of the rural residential land in China under the background of urban-rural transformation development. We first defined the concept and essence of marginalization of rural residential land, then discussed its main characteristics and developed the diagnostic criteria. Marginalization of rural residential land is a gradual process, in which the existing housing security function of such land is weakening, declining, or being replaced by other uses under an existing land use and socioeconomic structure. Meanwhile, farmers' response behavior will result in significant changes in rural residential land in terms of land use intensity, conversion, and management system. Utilization rate, area ratio of self-occupancy, and cost of use are three main indices to diagnose the marginalization of rural residential land. Generally, decline of the utilization rate is an important indicator of explicit marginalization of rural residential land. Under multifunctional use, a gradual decrease of the self-occupancy area ratio indicates an implicit marginalization. An increase of the use cost of current land use is a reliable evidence for predicting the trend of marginalization. The discussion on the characteristics of the marginalization of rural residential land and its diagnostic criteria will provide a new research perspective for the changes in the form and function of rural residential land.

Key words: rural housing land, marginalization, characteristic, diagnostic criterion