PROGRESS IN GEOGRAPHY ›› 2017, Vol. 36 ›› Issue (2): 182-192.doi: 10.18306/dlkxjz.2017.02.005

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Theoretical analysis and case study on targeted poverty alleviation based on sustainable livelihoods framework:A case study of Liangshan Yi Autonomous Prefecture, Sichuan Province

Renwei HE1,2(), Guangqin LI3,4, Yunwei LIU2, Lina LI2, Fang FANG5   

  1. 1. City Situation Survey Research Center, Beijing Academy of Social Sciences, Beijing 100101, China
    2. School of Agricultural Sciences of Xichang College, Xichang 615013, Sichuan, China
    3. School of Urban and Region Science Institute of Finance and Economics, Shanghai University of Finance and Economics, Shanghai 200433, China
    4. The Chinese Farmers' Development Research Center, Zhejiang A & F University, Hangzhou 311300, China
    5. Institute of Economics, Beijing Academy of Social Sciences,Beijing 100101, China
  • Online:2017-02-20 Published:2017-02-20
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China, No.41461040;MOE (Ministry of Education in China) Project of Humanities and Social Sciences,No.13YJCZH050,No.14YJC790063,No.15YJCZH101;Zhejiang Provincial Key Research Base Project of Philosophy and Social Sciences,No.15JDNF01YB

Abstract:

Targeted poverty alleviation refers to focusing on the poor in anti-poverty programs and enhancing the ability of those who desire to fight against poverty. Sustainable livelihoods framework facilitates exploring the influencing factors and formation of poverty, which is useful in standardized and systematic research on precision poverty alleviation. Based on this framework, our study sets up an analytical framework to divide precision poverty alleviation into four stages and five links in order to assist the poor to reduce poverty; it also discusses the basic components of multidimensional poverty identification index (MPII) from the perspective of internal and external causes of difficulties in farmers' livelihood. Taking Liangshan Yi Autonomous Prefecture in Sichuan Province as the example, we establish a unique MPII index system. A total of 420 households are identified as impoverished families. About 80% of the designated poor households (who are registered at the government office) overlap with the identified families; and the identified poor households are the poorest among those who have been registered, both in individual dimensions and the integrated dimension, so the identification is more accurate. The poor households can be divided into five types: lack of human capitals, lack of primary capitals, lack of social capitals, lack of multidimensional capitals, and living in severe environmental condition. Corresponding measures have been proposed in accordance with the causes of poverty conditions.

Key words: targeted poverty alleviation, poverty identification, support measures, sustainable livelihoods, multidimensional poverty identification index (MPII), Liangshan Yi Autonomous Prefecture, Sichuan Province