PROGRESS IN GEOGRAPHY ›› 2017, Vol. 36 ›› Issue (2): 151-158.doi: 10.18306/dlkxjz.2017.02.002

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Spatial variations in the correlation between household income and housing characteristics in Guangzhou City

Yang WANG1,2,3(), Yuling ZHANG1,2,3,*(), Hong'ou ZHANG1,2,3   

  1. 1. Guangzhou Institute of Geography, Guangzhou 510070, China
    2. Guangdong Public Laboratory of Geospatial Information Technology and Application, Guangzhou 510070, China
    3. Guangdong Academy of Innovation Development, Guangzhou 510070, China
  • Online:2017-02-20 Published:2017-02-20
  • Contact: Yuling ZHANG E-mail:wyxkwy@163.com;zhylde@163.com
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China, No.41401164;2017 Innovation Driven Project of Guangdong Academy of Sciences, No.2017GDASCX-0809

Abstract:

Using a case study of central (Tianhe District) and suburban (Nansha District) Guangzhou City and the 2010 data on Chinese (Guangdong Province) household dynamic tracking survey data, and based on 13 indicators, including characteristics of the neighborhoods of household residences, construction characteristics, location characteristics, and household income, this study establishes an analytical model to map the relationship between household income and housing characteristics in Guangzhou City, as well as the direction of this relationship. On this basis, we use multiple-group pathway analysis to study the degree of influence and spatial variation of the location factor on income→housing characteristics. Finally, we use equations for variance and mean to analyze variations in housing characteristics at different locations (central city and suburb). Our results reveal the following: (1) Household income is a significant determinant of housing characteristics, but has no significant effect on neighborhood characteristics; (2) Location has a significant moderating effect on the income→neighborhood characteristics relationship, and a weak moderating effect on the income→housing characteristics” relationship; (3) Within the city center and suburban areas, household income significantly affects housing characteristics, though basically does not significantly affect neighborhood characteristics; (4) The beneficial effect of household income on several important housing characteristic indices such as convenience of public transportation, housing area, bathroom facility quality, number of houses, and comprehensive housing conditions, is greater in suburban areas than in the city center; (5) Neighborhood characteristics in the city center are noticeably better than suburban areas, but housing characteristics are noticeably poorer. These results show the switching of favorable neighborhood characteristics and housing characteristics at different locations in Guangzhou City.

Key words: household income, housing characteristics, location, relationship between income and housing characteristics, pathway analysis, Guangzhou City