PROGRESS IN GEOGRAPHY ›› 2017, Vol. 36 ›› Issue (1): 125-135.doi: 10.18306/dlkxjz.2017.01.012

• Article • Previous Articles    

Residential spatial differentiation of migrant population within the city: A case study of Shenzhen

Yichun ZHONG1,2(), Jian FENG2,*()   

  1. 1. School of Urban Planning and Design, Peking University, Shenzhen 518055, Guangdong, China
    2. College of Urban and Environmental Sciences, Peking University, Beijing 100871, China
  • Received:2016-11-01 Online:2017-01-20 Published:2017-01-20
  • Contact: Jian FENG;
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China, No.41671157, No.40971085


This study divided the migrant population in Shenzhen into three groups based on the sixth census data: inter-city migrants, inter-provincial migrants, and intra-provincial migrants. By calculating location quotient, the proportions of migrants in urban sub-districts were compared within the city. Spatial autocorrelation was used to identify spatial agglomeration, and then a differentiation index was used to characterize the degree of differentiation of migrant population. The ordinary least squares (OLS) model, spatial lag model, and spatial error model were used to analyze and explain the influencing factors of the residential spatial differentiation of migrants, taking the proportion of migrant population as the dependent variable and housing and employment factors as the independent variables. The results show that: (1) The location entropy of the migrant population showed a clear circular structure, with inter-city migrants in Nanshan and Futian Districts in the southwest corner at the center, and inter-provincial and intra-provincial migrants outside. (2) Spatial agglomeration has occurred in the residential distribution of migrant population. Inter-city migrants are distributed around the city administrative center; inter-provincial migrants are concentrated around the commercial center; and intra-provincial migrants are concentrated in sub-districts in Guanwai where industrial parks are concentrated in. (3) The highest degree of residential differentiation was found between the intra-provincial migrants and the population with the hukou (population registration) of Shenzhen. (4) Residential spatial distribution of intra-provincial migrants was significantly affected by housing factors, while inter-provincial migrants was significantly affected by employment factors, and inter-city migrants are affected by both housing and employment factors, but less significantly. The regional characteristics of housing and employment led to the settlement of migrants of all types to specific locations of the city, and thus formed the overall pattern of residential spatial differentiation.

Key words: migrant population, residential spatial differentiation, housing, employment, Shenzhen